Minerals Lesson Plan

Instructor: Josh Corbat

Josh has taught Earth Science and Physical Science at the High School level and holds a Master of Education degree from UNC-Chapel Hill.

Use this lesson plan to introduce your students to the properties of minerals. Students will watch a video lesson, create a graphic organizer of the properties of minerals, and identify minerals in a hands-on activity.

Learning Objectives

After this lesson, students will be able to:

  • define the term mineral
  • name and describe each of the seven properties of minerals


60-90 minutes

Curriculum Standards


Determine the meaning of symbols, key terms, and other domain-specific words and phrases as they are used in a specific scientific or technical context relevant to grades 9-10 texts and topics.


Follow precisely a complex multistep procedure when carrying out experiments, taking measurements, or performing technical tasks, attending to special cases or exceptions defined in the text.


  • Iron nails
  • Glass plates
  • Unglazed ceramic plates
  • Pennies
  • Mohs Hardness Scale printouts
  • Magnifying lenses
  • A variety of minerals (enough for each group to study; these minerals are going to be beat up a bit after the lesson!)


  • Begin the lesson by passing around a sealed container of water and a penny. Ask students to observe each of the items. Ask them which they believe is a mineral.
  • Begin the video lesson What Are Minerals? - Types, Properties & Examples. Pause the video at 1:18.
  • Revisit the water and penny discussion. Ask students to identify which one is a mineral and which is not. Then, ask students to point out other objects in the classroom that are made of or contain minerals. It would even be fun to have each student get up and touch one object that is or contains a mineral.
  • Ask students to create the following chart on a piece of paper. As they watch the next section of the video lesson, they will fill in their chart.

Property Definition Other useful information Example
  • Resume the video. Pause it again at 4:19.
  • Reproduce the chart on the board. Ask student volunteers to fill it in. Allow other students to revise entries as necessary. This will allow students that missed information as they watched the video to fill in the gaps.
  • Resume and finish the video lesson.

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