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Miranda v. Arizona Lesson Plan for Elementary School

Instructor: Kristen Goode

Kristen has been an educator for 25+ years - as a classroom teacher, a school administrator, and a university instructor. She holds a doctorate in Education Leadership.

In this lesson, students will learn why police must always recite Miranda Rights prior to making an arrest as they look at the Supreme Court case that put this requirement in place.

Lesson Objectives

By the conclusions, students will be able to:

  • Explain what Miranda Rights are
  • Describe the advantages and disadvantages of Miranda Rights

Length

55-60 minutes

Curriculum Standards

CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.RI.5.3

Explain the relationships or interactions between two or more individuals, events, ideas, or concepts in a historical, scientific, or technical text based on specific information in the text.

CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.SL.5.1

Engage effectively in a range of collaborative discussions (one-on-one, in groups, and teacher-led) with diverse partners on grade 5 topics and texts, building on others' ideas and expressing their own clearly.

CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.SL.5.2

Summarize a written text read aloud or information presented in diverse media and formats, including visually, quantitatively, and orally.

Materials

Instructions

Begin by introducing the related lesson to the class.

  • Ask how many students have ever heard police officers on television recite the words ''You have the right to remain silent'' as they made an arrest.
  • Ask if any students would like to try and recite more of the Miranda Rights as they are required of police officers.

Next, read the lesson with students. Miranda v. Arizona Summary: Lesson for Kids

  • Read through ''Background of Miranda Vs. Arizona'' and discuss:
    • Who was Ernest Miranda?
    • What did Ernest Miranda not understand fully before he was tried in court?
    • Why was he found guilty in court?
    • What does appealed mean?
    • Why did he appeal his case to a higher court?
    • What did the Arizona Supreme Court say?
  • Read the next section, '''Question Before the Supreme Court'' and discuss:
    • How did Miranda's case make it to the Supreme Court?
    • What does the 5th Amendment to the Constitution state?
    • What does self-incriminating mean?
    • How would you answer that question, ''Do people under arrest have any rights?''
  • Read the next section, ''What Did the Court Decide?'' Discuss:
    • How did the Supreme Court rule?
    • What was their reason for the ruling?
    • What did Chief Justice Warren add to the decision?
  • Continue to the next section, ''How Miranda Vs. Arizona Affects Police Work Today.'' Discuss:
    • What are the Miranda Rights?
    • What do police officers now have to do as a result of the Miranda case?
    • What would happen if an officer did not recite the Miranda Warning when making an arrest?
  • Finally, read ''Lesson Summary'' and discuss:
    • Who can explain the case of Miranda Vs. Arizona?
    • What are Miranda Rights?
    • What did the Miranda case mean for police officers today?

Check for Understanding

To check for understanding, have students complete the quiz.

Quiz

Activity

Give each student a copy of the Miranda Rights (they are outlined in the related lesson) and have them participate in the following activity:

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