Mole Animal Facts: Lesson for Kids

Instructor: Diane Sieverson

Diane has taught all subjects at the elementary level, was the principal of a K-8 private school and has a master's degree in Measurement and Evaluation.

Moles are animals that live most of their lives underground. This lesson will teach you about moles, what they look like, where they live, what they eat, and some other cool facts about these expert diggers.

What Are Moles?

Imagine that when you go outside, you notice a few hills of dirt in the grass that weren't there yesterday so you decide to investigate. You don't see anything and aren't sure what's making the dirt hills, so you flatten them with your foot and go play. The next day, you're surprised that the dirt hills are back. You have moles living under your yard!

Moles are small animals with soft fur that usually dig tunnels, live most of their lives underground, and have bad eyesight and long claws.


There are 42 kinds of moles on Earth. The smallest one weighs less than an ounce, or a little more than 2 nickels, and isn't quite 2 inches long. The biggest mole weighs almost 8 ounces, which is a little more than 44 nickels, and is about 9 inches long.

Most live underground, though some live under dead leaves on the ground. If they had ears like yours, dirt would get in them and jam them up, so moles have small ears inside their head instead of outside so dirt can't get in.

Some people don't like the dirt hills they make in their yards. However, all the digging they do helps loosen the soil and makes it drain better, which helps plants in the long run.

Where Do Moles Live?

Moles live in Europe, Asia, and North America. There are 7 different kinds of moles that live in the United States alone.

Star-nosed mole
Star-nosed mole

Moles were made to dig, like nature's excavators. They use their special feet and claws like shovels to dig through the dirt. Most are excellent swimmers, too.

Just like your town has a system of streets so you can get from place to place, moles dig out a system of tunnels so they can get around underground. Some tunnels go deeper into the ground than others.

Mole coming out of a tunnel
Mole coming out of a tunnel

Some moles live in dry areas and others live in wet areas. They sometimes build their tunnel entrances in a stream or pond.

Moles build their nests off the deeper tunnels. They also dig out places to stockpile food, like a pantry. Except when they are taking care of babies, most kinds of moles don't like to hang out with other moles and live alone.

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