Moles Lesson Plan for Elementary School

Instructor: Dana Dance-Schissel

Dana teaches social sciences at the college level and English and psychology at the high school level. She has master's degrees in applied, clinical and community psychology.

What lives underground and eats its body weight in bugs each day? A mole! This lesson plan uses a text lesson to explain primary facts about moles before a fun game and activity help to reinforce the information.

Learning Objectives

Upon completion of this lesson, students will be able to:

  • list key facts about moles
  • describe the physical characteristics of moles
  • explain the habitat of moles
  • define 'insectivore'
  • summarize the eating habits of moles


45 to 60 minutes

Curriculum Standards


Ask and answer questions to demonstrate understanding of a text, referring explicitly to the text as the basis for the answers.


Determine the main idea of a text; recount the key details and explain how they support the main idea.


Determine the meaning of general academic and domain-specific words and phrases in a text relevant to a grade 3 topic or subject area.


Use information gained from illustrations (e.g., maps, photographs) and the words in a text to demonstrate understanding of the text (e.g., where, when, why, and how key events occur).



  • Begin by displaying the photographs of the moles for the class.
    • What kind of animal is featured in the photographs?
  • Pass out the paper copies of the text lesson, one to each student.
  • Have the students take turns reading aloud, a line or two each, from the introduction and 'What Are Moles?' section of the text lesson.
    • What are moles?
    • How many kinds of moles are there?
    • How big are moles?
    • Where do moles make their homes?
    • Where are moles' ears?
    • How do moles help the soil?
  • Tell the students to take turns reading aloud again from the 'Where Do Moles Live?' section of the text lesson.
    • Where do moles live?
    • How many types of moles live in America?
    • What makes moles good diggers?
    • How do moles travel from place to place?
    • Do moles live in groups?
  • Ask the class to take turns reading aloud from the 'What do Moles Eat?' section of the text lesson.
    • What is the favorite food of moles?
    • What is an insectivore?
    • How much food do moles consume in a day?
  • Instruct the class to take turns reading aloud from the 'Lesson Summary' section of the text lesson before continuing.
  • Hand out the worksheet to the class.
  • Work together as a class to complete the worksheet, connecting each question back to the content of the text lesson.

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