Monotheism Lesson Plan

Instructor: Christopher Muscato

Chris has a master's degree in history and teaches at the University of Northern Colorado.

With this lesson plan, your students will explore the concept of monotheistic religion and learn more about some of the monotheistic religions of world history.

Learning Objectives

Upon completion of this lesson, students will be able to:

  • Define the concept of monotheism.
  • Identify world religions as monotheistic or polytheistic.
  • Describe a world monotheistic religion in detail.


30-45 minutes

Curriculum Standards


Determine the meaning of words and phrases as they are used in a text, including vocabulary describing political, social, or economic aspects of history/social science.


Establish and maintain a formal style and objective tone while attending to the norms and conventions of the discipline in which they are writing.


Propel conversations by posing and responding to questions that relate the current discussion to broader themes or larger ideas; actively incorporate others into the discussion; and clarify, verify, or challenge ideas and conclusions.



  • Begin by discussing the concept of religion with students.
    • Is religion an important part of human societies? Why?
    • What distinguishes various religions from each other? Why do religions look different?
  • Begin video lesson Monotheism: Definition, Origin & History. Pause at 1:00 and discuss.
    • What defines polytheistic, monotheistic, and henotheistic religions? Can you name any religions that fall into each category? (Write out these categories on the board, and list religions that students identify).
  • Resume video. Pause at 2:25 and discuss.
    • What makes the religions in this section monotheistic?
    • Did we think of these religions when we were making our lists? (If not, then add them).
    • Is it possible for some followers of a faith to be monotheistic, while others are polytheistic? Why or why not?
  • Resume and complete video. Discuss it as a class.
    • Are both Christianity and Islam monotheistic religions?
    • Are all branches or sets of Christianity and Islam monotheistic? Why or why not?
  • You may test student understanding with the lesson quiz.

Activity: Research a Religion

Divide the class into groups. Assign each group one of the monotheistic religions in this lesson. Instruct them that their job will be to conduct a brief group research project about this religion, including the following:

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