Moon Lesson for Kids: Definition & Facts

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  • 0:04 The Moon's Surface
  • 0:54 Fun Facts
  • 1:36 The Moon Is Always Moving
  • 2:01 Moon Phases
  • 2:42 Lesson Summary
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Lesson Transcript
Instructor: Rebecca Gillaspy

Dr. Gillaspy has taught health science at University of Phoenix and Ashford University and has a degree from Palmer College of Chiropractic.

Have you ever heard of the man on the moon? Or that it's made of Swiss cheese? Neither are true, as you will learn in this lesson all about our Moon. Find out how far it is from Earth, what it's like there, what lunar phases are, and more fun facts about our Moon!

The Moon's Surface

If you visit the Moon, be sure to take a dustpan! In July of 1969, Neil Armstrong was the first man to step foot on the Moon. When he stepped off the Apollo 11 spacecraft, he landed in a big pile of dust. The surface of the Moon is covered with a thick layer of dust that has been piling up for billions of years!

The Moon, which is a natural object that rotates around the Earth, to us, it looks like a smooth, round ball, but the surface of the moon is bumpy. On the surface, there are mountains, valleys, and big holes called craters.

Craters are caused by meteors, which are big pieces of rock that hit the Moon. When meteors come toward Earth, the layers of air around the earth burn them up before they hit the ground. The Moon doesn't have the same air to protect it, so it's an easy target.

Fun Facts

The lack of air on the Moon is also why it gets very hot and very cold. Gases in our air on Earth act like a warm blanket that protects our planet against big and sudden temperature changes. The Moon doesn't have this air blanket.

The Moon is smaller than Earth. In fact, you could fit about four moons inside Earth! It's about 239,000 miles away. It takes a rocket three days to fly there.

Even though it's much smaller than Earth and far away, the Moon affects the tides of Earth's oceans, which are the changes in sea levels that happen each day.

You could jump higher on the Moon than you could on Earth because there's less gravity on the Moon to hold you down.

The Moon Is Always Moving

The Moon circles the Earth in an oval-shaped path that is completed every 27 days. That means that sometimes, the Moon is closer to the Earth and sometimes it's further from the Earth. As it moves, it spins on its axis, which also takes 27 days.

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