Moses in Animal Farm: Character, Allegory & Analysis

Instructor: Kerry Gray

Kerry has been a teacher and an administrator for more than twenty years. She has a Master of Education degree.

In ''Animal Farm'' by George Orwell, Moses the raven inspires the animals to work hard with dreams of eternal bliss at a magical place called Sugarcandy Mountain. Read on to understand the symbolism and literary analysis related to this character.

Sugarcandy Mountain

What happens to animals after they die? Do they simply exist to serve? According to Moses, the best is yet to come. Moses is a tamed raven who is considered a spy of Mr. Jones's. He tells the animals all about a place he calls Sugarcandy Mountain. Let's learn more about Moses and Sugarcandy Mountain.

Moses the raven represents religion
raven

The Afterlife

According to Moses, Sugarcandy Mountain is the place that animals go when they die to reap their rewards from their work on earth. In Sugarcandy Mountain, the animals enjoy leisure, plentiful food, and sweet treats.

Mr. Jones's Spy

Most of the animals do not like Moses because he never helps with work and tells wild stories. The pigs especially don't like him because many of the other animals believe in Sugarcandy Mountain and 'the pigs had to argue very hard to persuade them that there was no such place.' In exchange for his loyalty, Mr. Jones feeds him 'crusts of bread soaked in beer.' When Mr. Jones is driven off the farm, Moses follows.

Working for the Pigs?

Years later, Moses reappears with the same stories of Sugarcandy Mountain. He still doesn't work, but the pigs allow him to stay on the farm and provide him with a daily ration of beer. In the end, Moses is one of the few animals that endures long enough to remember life before the Rebellion.

Symbolism and Analysis

Moses represents the Russian Orthodox church during the time of the Russian Revolution. Prior to the Revolution, the church had a close relationship with the Russian monarchy, just as Moses has a close relationship with Mr. Jones. However, after the revolution, Lenin and Stalin adopt the Marxist view of religion. Sanctions were placed against the churches and thousands of clergy were executed.

However, during World War II, Stalin began to see the churches as helpful in dealing with oppressed people. Thousands of churches opened during this time, but the relationship between the church and state was not as close as it had been under Tsar Nicholas II.

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