Mount Kilimanjaro Facts: Lesson for Kids

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  • 0:04 Mt. Kilimanjaro
  • 0:29 Height & Location
  • 1:06 Origins of the Name
  • 1:28 Summit Attempts
  • 2:40 Wildlife
  • 3:07 Lesson Summary
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Lesson Transcript
Instructor: Philip McMurry

Philip has taught college history, English, and political science, and he has a doctorate in American history.

In this lesson we'll explore the tallest mountain in Africa, called Mount Kilimanjaro. We'll learn some important facts about the mountain as well as the history of those who tried to climb it.

Mt. Kilimanjaro

Can you imagine a mountain that's so tall that it seems like climbing it might take you all the way to the moon? That would describe Mount Kilimanjaro, a landform in East Africa. This mountain sits alone on a large plateau almost appearing to reach the moon itself. Mount Kilimanjaro has played an important part in African history, and many have tried to climb to its summit.

Height & Location

Mount Kilimanjaro is located in the northeastern portion of the African nation of Tanzania. The entire mountain and the area around its base is now part of a national park that was created by the Tanzanian government in 1973. At its tallest point, Mount Kilimanjaro is over 19,000 feet above sea level, making it the tallest mountain in Africa. It is made up of three different volcanoes, each with its own name. Each volcano forms a separate cone, or peak. Kibo is the tallest of these cones, followed by Mawenzi, and Shira.

Origins of the Name

The origins of Mount Kilimanjaro's name aren't certain. One likely explanation can be found by combining two words from Swahili, an African language. The word 'kilima' means mountain and 'njaro' means greatness. When you see pictures of this mountain, it's easy to understand why it might be called the Mountain of Greatness.

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