Mountains Lesson Plan for Elementary School

Instructor: Sharon Linde

Sharon has a Masters of Science in Mathematics

Teach your students about different types of mountains and how they're formed with this lesson plan. After reading a text lesson, students will apply learning to activities and discussions before taking a quiz.

Learning Objectives

After this lesson, students will be able to:

  • describe different types of mountains
  • explain how mountains are formed


1 hour


  • Copies of the text lesson How are Mountains Formed? - Lesson for Kids, one for each student
  • Dish towels
  • Images of mountains
  • Poster board
  • Markers and colored pencils
  • Clay
  • Paper plates
  • Index cards
  • Paint
  • Paint brushes

Key Vocabulary

  • Crusts
  • Tectonic plates
  • Lithosphere

Curriculum Standards


Refer to details and examples in a text when explaining what the text says explicitly and when drawing inferences from the text.


Explain events, procedures, ideas, or concepts in a historical, scientific, or technical text, including what happened and why, based on specific information in the text.


Determine the meaning of general academic and domain-specific words or phrases in a text relevant to a grade 4 topic or subject area.

Warm Up and Preparation

  • Show students some images of mountains and ask them to turn and talk to a partner, sharing their prior knowledge about mountains. Use guiding questions if necessary, such as:
    • How are mountains formed?
    • What are mountains made of?
  • Distribute the text lesson How are Mountains Formed? - Lesson for Kids and read the sections 'Mountain Formation' and 'Parts of the Earth' with students.
  • Define terms and ask students to look out a window, if possible, and have them describe the earth's crust. If a window is not available, have them look at the earth's crust in the images.
  • Make a four-column chart titled 'Dome Mountains,' 'Folded Mountains,' 'Fault-Block Mountains' and 'Volcanic Mountains' on the board. Ask students to copy into notebooks.

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