What is Gardner's Theory of Multiple Intelligences?

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  • 0:36 Howard Gardner
  • 0:59 Theory of Multiple…
  • 1:29 8 Types of Intelligence
  • 4:18 Lesson Summary
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Lesson Transcript
Instructor: Paul Bautista
Which types of intelligence do you identify with? As you watch this video on Gardner's theory of multiple intelligences, you'll learn that intelligence can be a diverse concept not limited to one area.

Imagine you're going to give a presentation in class or at work. Would you include pictures to illustrate your points? Would you tell a story or act out a skit? The method you choose would draw on your talents and reflect the way that you solve problems and learn. So, if visual aids like maps and drawings help you understand concepts, you're likely to include them in your presentation. But if someone else watching your presentation learns by doing, they might not be able to follow along unless you use body language and actions to physically demonstrate what you're talking about.

American psychologist Howard Gardner first recognized that people have different ways of learning and problem solving. He worked with autistic patients who excelled at music or math although they lacked social awareness or the ability to communicate effectively with others. Gardner proposed the Theory of Multiple Intelligences, which suggests that people have different strengths and different ways of solving problems.

Gardner's theory was groundbreaking because, before he proposed multiple intelligences, only logic and math were tested. Gardner's system created a more descriptive, multidimensional approach. Before, IQ was used as shorthand for learning potential and capability, but only people who were good at solving math problems were smart according to the test. Gardner's work helped to explain diverse learning styles and approaches, allowing for educational developments, which have changed how we teach.

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