Musical Instrument Lesson Plan for Elementary School

Instructor: Mary Beth Burns

Mary Beth has taught 1st, 4th and 5th grade and has a specialist degree in Educational Leadership. She is currently an assistant principal.

In this lesson plan, students will learn more about musical instruments. After reading an informational text, they will practice identifying musical instruments by image and sound.

Learning Objectives

By the end of the lesson, students will be able to:

  • Define musical family terms (string, woodwind, brass, and percussion)
  • Describe musical instruments in the string, woodwind, brass, and percussion families
  • Identify musical instruments by image and sound


This lesson will take approximately 45-60 minutes.

Curriculum Standards

This lesson is aligned to the following Common Core standards:

  • CCSS.ELA-Literacy.L.4.3

Use knowledge of language and its conventions when writing, speaking, reading, or listening.

  • CCSS.ELA-Literacy.L.4.6

Acquire and use accurately grade-appropriate general academic and domain-specific words and phrases, including those that signal precise actions, emotions, or states of being (e.g., quizzed, whined, stammered) and that are basic to a particular topic (e.g., wildlife, conservation, and endangered when discussing animal preservation).


  • String
  • Woodwind
  • Brass
  • Percussion


  • Multiple copies of the Musical Instruments Lesson for Kids : Types and Sounds text lesson (one per student)
  • Chart paper
  • Markers
  • Multiple sets of musical instrument matching cards (each set should have four cards with the musical instrument families written on them, and the rest of the cards should have images and names of musical instruments)
  • Audio clips of different musical instruments
  • Multiple copies of the lesson quiz (one per student)

Lesson Instructions

  • Distribute copies of the text lesson to all students.
  • Read the text aloud in a shared reading format.
  • After reading, lead a discussion with the following questions:
    • If you could play any musical instrument, what would you play? Why?
    • What instrument do you think would be the most challenging to learn to play? Why?
    • What instrument do you think would be the easiest to learn to play? Why?
  • Put students into pairs, and give each pair a set of musical instrument matching cards. Tell students to sort the instrument cards into their appropriate musical instrument families.
  • When all pairs have sorted their cards, briefly discuss each instrument to ensure understanding.

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