Myers-Briggs Type Indicator (MBTI) Personality Framework: Strengths & Weaknesses

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  • 0:07 What Is the MBTI?
  • 4:15 Strengths of MBTI
  • 4:48 Weaknesses of MBTI
  • 5:08 Lesson Summary
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Lesson Transcript
Instructor: Jennifer Lombardo
The Myers-Briggs Type Indicator (MBTI) personality framework is a theory of personality types that helps managers with job placement, conflict management, team building and career development.

What Is the MBTI?

Carl Jung, a Swiss psychiatrist, felt that the population was based on two personality types: extraverted and introverted types. Extraversion is a preference indicating an individual is energized by interaction with other people. Introversion is a preference indicating an individual is energized by time alone.

Jung also discovered two types of perceiving (sensing and intuition) and two types of judgment (thinking and feeling). Perceiving is how we accumulate information, and judgment is how we make decisions. His theory is the main idea of the Myers-Briggs Type Indicator Instrument (MBTI), which is used in the business world for career counseling, developing management styles, team building and conflict management. The MBTI helps explain individual differences and can aid businesses in developing and shaping their employees.

Buzz Sugar Candy is changing their corporate structure to a team environment. Each team will have one employee from each department of engineering, finance, accounting, marketing and design. The human resource manager would like to develop teams that have similar personality traits, as to make the employees work together in an effective manner.

Each employee has been asked to take the MBTI test, which has four scales with two possible choices for each scale. The mix of these preferences determines an employee's psychological type. The human resource manager can create the best teams by understanding the different scales. The scales are:

Extraversion/introversion: This scale result shows if the employee gets their energy from interacting with others or is energized by spending time alone. If an employee shows extraversion, then they enjoy working with coworkers and variety in their workday. An introverted employee enjoys working at their own pace and isn't social.

Sensing/intuition: This scale shows how employees perceive or gather information. Employees who are the sensing type like to get information through their five senses. The intuition type refers to a sixth sense, or gut feeling, to make decisions. A team member who is sensing prefers specific instructions and does not like learning new skills. An employee who is intuitive can be absentminded but can multitask and likes solving new problems.

Thinking/feeling: This scale explains how employees make decisions. A thinking type employee prefers to make decisions in a very objective and logical way. An employee who is feeling uses personal values to come up with a decision. Traditionally, males are usually found to be 'thinking' and females are 'feeling.' Thinking type employees can be impersonal and analyze issues, while feeling types sympathize and are considerate of decisions affecting people.

Judging/perceiving: This scale explains how an employee views the world. A judging worker prefers organization and closure. A perceiving employee enjoys flexibility and likes to consider all options.

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