Netherlands Facts: Lesson for Kids

Instructor: Kathryn Miedema Dominguez

Kathryn has taught elementary students for over ten years and has her master's degree in elementary education.

In this lesson, we'll learn about the main facts that define the Netherlands. It is a prosperous country with a deep history of fighting for its independence.

Netherlands Facts for Kids

Which country grows and sells the most tulip flowers? The Netherlands grows millions of tulips each year. The Netherlands is a country in the western part of Europe. It is west of Germany and north of Belgium. It also borders the North Sea.

The Netherlands location in Europe
Netherlands in Europe

It is a very flat country and is partially underwater. The word Netherlands means low lands which is why it has its name. There are dikes along the coast that block the sea from flooding the land. Dikes are like walls that control the amount of water going onto the land.

Dike in the Netherlands
Netherlands Dike

The Netherlands has cool summers and moderate winters. In addition, it is really wet and rains most of the year. There are more than 16 million people who live in the Netherlands. It is a small country, so there are a lot of people living in a small space. The Netherlands is also known for its many windmills scattered throughout the country.

Culture

The official language spoken in the Netherlands is Dutch. There are a few other languages recognized too. Additionally, almost everyone speaks English as a second language, and many people speak multiple languages.

The most common religion in the Netherlands is Catholic, though many people from the Netherlands do not practice religion at all.

The Netherlands is known for a few famous artists, such as Van Gogh and Rembrandt, and there are museums that display their works of art. The Van Gogh Museum is in Amsterdam.

History

Throughout history, the Netherlands has been ruled by many empires. One of its first victories of independence was from Spain in 1579. However, they fought to keep their independence for eighty years known as the Eighty Years' War. In 1648, Spain finally recognized their independence.

In 1795, Napoleon, a French leader, took over and controlled the country through his brother for fifteen years. However, after the overthrow of Napoleon, the Netherlands regained their independence in 1813.

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