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New York Colony: Lesson for Kids

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  • 0:04 Dutch and English Rule
  • 0:55 New York Colony People
  • 1:28 Natural Resources & Economy
  • 1:59 Freedom
  • 2:27 Lesson Summary
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Lesson Transcript
Instructor: Sarah Meers

Sarah has taught elementary education for 10 years and has a master's degree in Education Leadership.

In this lesson, you'll explore how the New York Colony went from a Native American land, to a Dutch colony, a British Colony, and finally a state. You'll also learn how the colonists used the land to build a thriving economy.

Dutch and English Rule

Let's take a trip back in time, hundreds of years ago, to one of the original 13 Colonies. In 1626, a man named Peter Minuit negotiated a trade with the Native Americans that gave the Dutch control over land in the upper right corner of what would become the United States of America. It's believed that the trade consisted of trinkets that would be worth $24 today.

Peter Minuit and the Dutch called this area that would become New York New Amsterdam. For many years, the Dutch lived here, setting up trading posts along the Hudson River, farming the land, and living very well off of the abundant, or many, natural resources.

In 1664, the Dutch surrendered the colony to England. That means they let England rule the area. The New York Colony became one of the original 13 colonies of the United States. England called the area New York after the Duke of York.

New York Colony People

The New York Colony was a melting pot of people. The Dutch who originally colonized the area lived peacefully alongside the Native Americans that they had purchased the land from. They often traded goods with the native people.

Once the English took the area over, it added more diversity. The English lived alongside the original Dutch settlers and the Native Americans. There were not only people from different countries who lived here but also people from different religious backgrounds. They included people from the Catholic, Jewish, Lutheran, and Quaker religions. New York is still known for its ethnic and religious diversity.

Natural Resources & Economy

The New York Colony had access to a lot of fertile farmland. Fertile means that the land was perfect for growing crops. This colony grew tobacco, wheat, corn, and other vegetables.

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