Nordic Countries: Definition & Map

Instructor: Artem Cheprasov
Do you know what Norden means? What countries are found here? What kind of people live in each area, what languages they speak, and what religions they follow? This lesson gives you a primer on the Nordic countries and its people.

Nordic Countries

Nordic countries are those that are found in a specific geographical and cultural region of Northern Europe and the North Atlantic called the Nordic region. The Scandinavian term for the Nordic region is Norden. Norden encompasses five countries as well as three autonomous territories:

  • Denmark and its autonomous territories of Greenland and the Faroe Islands
  • Finland and its autonomous territory of Aland
  • Iceland
  • Norway
  • Sweden

A Map of the Nordic Countries
Nordic Countries

Denmark & Finland

Mads, a man from Denmark, tells us that his country is the smallest and southernmost of the five Nordic countries. His country's capital is the beautiful city of Copenhagen. The people here mainly speak Danish and the largest religion is Lutheran. It's a country that has roughly 5.5 million inhabitants.

Denmark is the official sovereign state that presides of Greenland and the Faroes Islands, although both of these states have a high degree of autonomy. Ivaana, a woman from Greenland, explains that the capital of Greenland is Nuuk, its inhabitants are mainly Inuit, and the population is just under 60,000 people despite its large landmass. Benjamin, a man from the Faroe Islands, explains that his capital is Torshavn, most people have European ethnicity, and they speak Faroese. The population of his autonomous state is about 50,000 people.

Mette, a Finnish woman, interjects to tell us about her country. Her country is the easternmost of the Nordic countries, lying right next to Russia. Her country's capital is Helsinki and the country has about 5.5 million inhabitants. Most of her country's inhabitants are Finns and speak Finnish. Those who are religious are mainly Lutheran. Her country presides over the autonomous territory of Aland. Aland is made up of over 6,500 islands and is located between Sweden and Finland. The 28,000 or so people who live here speak Swedish, not Finnish, and many of them live in the capital of Mariehamn.

Iceland, Norway, & Sweden

Iceland is an island country in the North Atlantic, and its capital is Reykjavik, tells us Hafpor, a man from Iceland. It has about 330,000 people who are mainly of European ancestry. They speak Icelandic and those who practice religion are mainly Lutherans.

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