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Nursing & Patient Education: Strategies for Adults Video

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  • 0:00 Adult Education
  • 0:26 Young Adults
  • 1:20 Middle-Aged Adults
  • 2:20 Older Adults
  • 4:05 Lesson Summary
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Lesson Transcript
Instructor: Artem Cheprasov
The way a nurse should educate an adult client will actually depend on the age of the adult. Not only will the strategies differ, especially for older adults, but the relevant content that should be taught will differ as well.

Adult Education

Although an adult is an adult, there are different categories of adult. There's young adults, middle-aged adults and older adults. A lot of the factors and strategies involved in educating adults about their health are the same, but there are some important differences. You, as a nurse, will need to keep these differences in mind when educating your client about topics related to these different groups.

Young Adults

Four main strategies can be used when teaching adults of all ages. These include the use of discussion, demonstration, role-play and printed material. Specifically when it comes to young adults, the content that's chosen for any of these strategies needs to be relevant, or you'll lose them. Quick.

Presenting information about dementia to a young adult is usually not very relevant. But, presenting information regarding contraception or parenting skills may be. Other topics that are pertinent to this age category include:

Nutrition: What kinds of nutrition? Why is it important? What are the benefits of appropriate nutrition and consequences of eating junk food? Exercise: What kinds of exercise should they engage in? How much? Why? Time management: Why is it important to balance work and life? Stress management: What are the psychological and physiological implications of stress? What about long-term effects?

Middle-Aged Adults

The strategies to teach young adults are basically the same exact ones for middle-aged adults. However, the topics may need to be altered a bit. For example, middle-aged adults may need to recognize they need to make important lifestyle changes now, as time is of the essence before they get a chronic illness. This may include important topics such as weight loss and strategies for accomplishing weight loss goals.

Middle-aged adults should be made aware that as they age they become more and more vulnerable to all sorts of illnesses and injuries. This includes pneumonia, cancer and chronic endocrine diseases. Besides learning about appropriate lifestyle modification involving nutrition and exercises, middle-aged adults also need to learn about stress management, as well as key warning signs of possible impending illnesses.

For example, they may need to learn about how to spot memory problems, signs of cancer like a change in the color of a mole, or an endocrine disease, such as sudden weight gain, so that all can be caught and treated earlier.

Older Adults

When educating older adults you can use the same strategies as those with young and middle-aged adults with one important distinction: older adults are far more likely to have problems with reading or sensory perceptual changes. Thus their vision, hearing and even sense of touch, pain and ability to grasp objects, or sense their bodies position in space need to be assessed prior to developing an appropriate teaching plan.

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