Nutrients Lesson Plan

Instructor: Dana Dance-Schissel

Dana teaches social sciences at the college level and English and psychology at the high school level. She has master's degrees in applied, clinical and community psychology.

What are nutrients and how do they factor into good health? This lesson plan investigates the different types of nutrients using an informative video lesson. An activity asks students to identify nutrients in common foods.

Learning Objectives

Upon completion of this lesson, students will be able to:

  • define 'nutrient'
  • list examples of macronutrients and micronutrients
  • distinguish between macronutrients and micronutrients
  • discuss the importance of nutrients in good health


45 to 90 minutes

Curriculum Standards


Determine the meaning of symbols, key terms, and other domain-specific words and phrases as they are used in a specific scientific or technical context relevant to grades 6-8 texts and topics.


Compare and contrast the information gained from experiments, simulations, video, or multimedia sources with that gained from reading a text on the same topic.


  • Photocopies of the worksheet from the associated video lesson
  • Empty food packaging with visible nutritional labels. Try to have several examples that represent the following vocabulary words.

Key Vocabulary

  • Macronutrients
  • Micronutrients
  • Carbohydrates
  • Glucose
  • Protein
  • Amino acids
  • Lipids
  • Vitamins
  • Minerals


  • Begin by asking students to take turns sharing examples of nutrients.
    • How many different examples did we identify?
    • Where can nutrients be found?
    • Why are nutrients important?
    • What are the two main types of nutrients?
  • Play the video lesson What Are Nutrients? - Definition & Examples, pausing it at 0:36.
    • What are nutrients?
    • How do organisms use nutrients?
  • Play the video lesson again, pausing it this time at 2:40.
    • What are carbohydrates?
    • What is the basic unit of a carbohydrate?
    • How is glucose related to carbohydrates?
    • What types of foods contain carbohydrates?
    • What is protein?
    • Why is protein important?
    • What types of foods contain protein?
    • What role do amino acids play with proteins?
    • What are lipids?
    • Why are fats important to our bodies?
  • Play the video lesson again. Pause it at 3:55.
    • What are vitamins?
    • Can you name an example of a vitamin?
    • What are minerals?
    • How do our bodies use minerals?
  • Play the remainder of the video lesson for the class.
  • Distribute the worksheet to the class, one to each student.
  • Have students work in small groups to complete the quiz.
  • When everyone has finished the quiz, review each question and answer with the class as students self-check their papers.

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