Oppositional Defiant Disorder Treatment Plan Sample

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  • 0:03 Oppositional Defiant Disorder
  • 0:38 Signs of ODD
  • 1:02 Treating ODD
  • 1:41 Sample Treatment Plan
  • 4:50 Lesson Summary
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Lesson Transcript
Instructor: Elizabeth Hemmons

Beth has taught early childhood education, including students with special needs, for the past 11 years. She has a bachelor's degree in Elementary Education.

A child diagnosed with oppositional defiant disorder presents unique challenges and responsibilities for educators. In this video, we'll discuss the disorder and review an example of a treatment plan that addresses behavioral goals and strategies.

Oppositional Defiant Disorder

One of your students, Gabriel, has recently been diagnosed with Oppositional Defiant Disorder, also known as ODD. What do you do now? What is your role in developing and implementing a plan to help Gabriel?

Before you can take part in an ODD treatment plan, you need to understand this disorder. Oppositional Defiant Disorder is a psychiatric disorder in which in children display aggressive, argumentative, and defiant behaviors. Each case of ODD is different, as each child has individual strengths and weaknesses.

Signs of ODD

Children with ODD can exhibit the following behaviors:

  • Hostile and aggressive behaviors
  • Frequent temper tantrums
  • Anger and frustration toward peers
  • Difficulty creating and maintaining friendships
  • Refusal to follow rules and listen to an authority figure
  • Complaining or blaming others for behaviors

Treating ODD

Developing a treatment plan for any student with ODD is a collaborative effort. A treatment plan team can include a child's teacher, parents, behavioral and group therapists and psychologists, along with any other adults who interact with the student on a daily basis. When creating a plan for Gabriel, his behavioral therapist will observe him in environments where the problem behaviors occur, record data to monitor the behaviors, and recommend therapeutic strategies based on the data. The entire treatment plan team will then work with Gabriel's parents and Gabriel (if appropriate) to create a plan based on his individual strengths and needs.

Sample Treatment Plan

Let's take a look at an example of a treatment plan for Gabriel that addresses the responsibilities of the team members and both short-term and long-term behavioral goals. Consistent implementation of this plan will be vital to its success. As Gabriel's teacher, it will be your responsibility to make sure that the plan is followed throughout the school day and that there are plenty of opportunities to provide services and therapies. Let's go through each part of the plan in a little more depth.

Student Background

Gabriel is an eight-year-old student who has recently been diagnosed with Oppositional Defiant Disorder. Gabriel's parents and teachers have observed Gabriel engaging in frequent temper tantrums related to minor frustrations. He also has difficulty getting along with peers and maintaining relationships at school. After observing Gabriel, collecting data about his behavior, and evaluating the data, the treatment plan team recommends the following interventions and strategies, which will require the involvement of his teachers, parents, therapists, and behaviorists.

Parent Responsibilities

  • Attend monthly counseling sessions to build relationships with Gabriel and other family members
  • Create structure and clear rules at home to be implemented on a daily basis

Therapist Responsibilities

  • Educate Gabriel's parents about disciplining difficult children
  • Provide monthly play therapy sessions to help Gabriel with peer interactions
  • Provide individual counseling on a weekly basis to help Gabriel verbalize and express negative feelings appropriately

Teacher and Behaviorist Responsibilities

  • Create a daily behavior plan for Gabriel to use at school to decrease temper tantrums
  • Provide Gabriel with daily modifications and classroom interventions when needed
  • Develop monthly social groups to help Gabriel build relationships and trust with peers
  • Monitor and reevaluate therapeutic and behavioral progress on a quarterly basis

Short-term Team Goals

  • Identify appropriate and inappropriate behaviors and consequences in the home and at school
  • Work with Gabriel's parents to provide appropriate responses to negative behaviors
  • Identify and acknowledge Gabriel's positive interactions with parents, peers, and other adults
  • Use a behavioral plan to increase the frequency of Gabriel's positive behavior in school
  • Help Gabriel build relationships with teachers and other authority figures

Long-term Student Goals

  • Increase the frequency of positive interactions with peers and family
  • Decrease duration and frequency of temper tantrums and outbursts
  • Strengthen relationships and respect for authority figures, like parents and teachers
  • Learn to deal with conflict instead of acting out in anger or becoming hostile
  • Learn to follow rules and deal with consequences if rules are broken
  • Create meaningful relationships and friendships with peers

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