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Oregon Facts: Lesson for Kids

Instructor: Mary Beth Burns

Mary Beth has taught 1st, 4th and 5th grade and has a specialist degree in Educational Leadership. She is currently an assistant principal.

Oregon is certainly a unique place in the United States. Come and learn fun facts about the Beaver State, including details about its geography, symbols and history.

Oregon At a Glance

Did you know that Oregon has cities named Brothers, Sisters and Boring? That's not the only weird thing about Oregon. In fact, the unofficial motto of Portland, Oregon's largest city, is 'Keep Portland Weird!' While Portland is Oregon's largest city, Salem is the capital.

The unofficial slogan of Portland, Oregon, is Keep Portland Weird!
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With about 4 million residents, Oregon is the 9th largest state in the United States. It's part of the Pacific Northwest, the region in the northwestern corner of the country. Oregon borders California, Idaho, Nevada and Washington, and the Pacific Ocean lines the whole western edge of the state.

Oregon Conditions and Geography

Weather in Oregon varies from season to season, but overall, it is a pretty cloudy place. In fact, Portland is one of the 10 cloudiest cities in the country. Oregon is the 10th most prone to earthquakes, as well.

Oregon's geography varies widely depending on where you are. Toward the east are lush green valleys and rich soil ideal for farming, and as you move west, you see an increasing number of mountains. Further east in Oregon are many river basins, but toward the northeast corner, the land is very dry.

Symbols of Oregon

One fun fact about the Oregon is that it has the only state flag with a different design on each side. The front of the flag displays the middle part of Oregon's state seal (the state's official mark), while on the back of the flag is the state animal: the beaver. You'll notice that the number 1859 is printed along the bottom--this is the year that Oregon became a state!

Oregon has the only double-sided state flag.
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There are many other symbols of Oregon. The state bug is the Oregon swallowtail butterfly, and the state bird is the Western meadowlark. The state tree is the Douglas fir, whereas the Oregon grape is the state flower. As mentioned, the official state animal of Oregon is the beaver, which is why it's nicknamed the Beaver State.

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