Organic Compounds Lesson Plan

Instructor: Tammy Galloway

Tammy teaches business courses at the post-secondary and secondary level and has a master's of business administration in finance.

If you are discussing organic compounds, this lesson explores the uses of carbon and its bonds. Students will read a lesson, participate in discussion questions, play a game, and take a quiz.

Learning Objectives

After this lesson, students will be able to:

  • Define organic compounds.
  • Identify three types of carbon bonds.
  • Explain how carbon is used or applied in everyday life.


60 minutes

Curriculum Standards

  • CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RST.11-12.4

Determine the meaning of symbols, key terms, and other domain-specific words and phrases as they are used in a specific scientific or technical context relevant to grades 11-12 texts and topics.

  • CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RST.11-12.7

Integrate and evaluate multiple sources of information presented in diverse formats and media (e.g., quantitative data, video, multimedia) in order to address a question or solve a problem.

  • CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RST.11-12.9

Synthesize information from a range of sources (e.g., texts, experiments, simulations) into a coherent understanding of a process, phenomenon, or concept, resolving conflicting information when possible.



  • Begin the lesson by asking students to explain the term organic in their own words.
  • Now explain that they are going to explore the scientific meaning of organic compounds and discuss its uses and purpose in this lesson.
  • Distribute a copy of the What are Simple Organic Compounds in Chemistry? - Types, Groups & Examples lesson, choose a student to read the first section, 'What is an Organic Compound?', then start the following discussion:
    • Define organic compound as outlined in the lesson.
    • Describe some of the items listed in the lesson that contains carbon.
    • Explain the biogeochemical processes of moving carbon.
  • Next, choose another student to read 'Types and Groups', then pose the following:
    • List the four complex types of organic compound.
    • Describe how organic compounds interact with oxygen.
    • What are hydrocarbons?
  • Reconvene the class and select a volunteer to read 'Alkanes, Alkenes, and Alkynes', then ask students to answer these questions:
    • What is the simplest alkane? Provide an example not listed in the lesson.
    • Identify the simplest form of alkene and note its purpose.
    • List the simplest form of alkyne.
  • Select another student to read the remainder of the lesson, then ask the following:
    • Describe the two types of cholesterol and identify the most harmful.
    • Define amino acids and explain their purpose.
    • Explain how organic compounds are useful to humans and the world.
  • Afterwards distribute the hard copy lesson quiz to demonstrate learning.

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