Organic Farming Lesson Plan

Instructor: Christopher Muscato

Chris has a master's degree in history and teaches at the University of Northern Colorado.

With this lesson plan, your students will learn about organic farming and its benefits. They will apply this by developing a fact-driven pitch arguing for organic farming techniques.

Learning Objectives

  • Define organic farming
  • Identify the health, environmental, and economic benefits of organic farming
  • Articulate an opinion about organic farming and support it with evidence


60-90 minutes

Curriculum Standards


Propel conversations by posing and responding to questions that relate the current discussion to broader themes or larger ideas; actively incorporate others into the discussion; and clarify, verify, or challenge ideas and conclusions.


Respond thoughtfully to diverse perspectives, summarize points of agreement and disagreement, and, when warranted, qualify or justify their own views and understanding and make new connections in light of the evidence and reasoning presented.


Present information, findings, and supporting evidence clearly, concisely, and logically such that listeners can follow the line of reasoning and the organization, development, substance, and style are appropriate to purpose, audience, and task.



  • Start class with a simple discussion on food production.
    • Where does your food come from? How much of your food do you think is produced on large-scale industrial farms? What risks might this introduce to food production? Is this the only way people get their food?
  • Distribute copies of What is Organic Farming? - Definition & Methods.
  • Break students into small groups. Students will read this lesson in their groups, with one student reading aloud at a time, switching with every paragraph. Using this method, ask students to read the sections Organic Farming and What is Organic Farming? (including its sub-sections). Pause here to discuss this information.
    • What is organic farming? How does this differ from other forms of industrial farming and food production?
    • Why do you think organic farming is important? Why is it necessary to have official criteria that must be met in order for something to be legally declared organic?
    • What should consumers have a right to know about the products they buy?
  • Ask students to continue reading the lesson and complete the remaining sections. Discuss this information.
    • Why do you think so many food producers don't grow/breed organic products?
    • What are the difficulties associated with organic farming?
    • Is technology helpful or harmful when it comes to organic farming? Why?
  • You may test student understanding with the lesson quiz.

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