Organizations that Create Networking Standards

Instructor: Lyna Griffin

Lyna has tutored undergraduate Information Management Systems and Database Development. She has a Bachelor's degree in Electrical Engineering and a Masters degree in Information Technology.

In this lesson we will understand what networking standards are and the significance they play in technology and the Internet. A brief overview of the various organizations at the heart of some of these networking standards will be presented.

What are Networking Standards?

A networking standard is a document that has been developed to provide technical requirements, specifications and guidelines that must be employed consistently to ensure devices, equipment and software which govern networking are fit for their intended purpose. Standards ensure quality, safety and efficiency. Networks form one of many technology arms and there are established organizations which maintain and create their standards. We will now discuss and learn about some of the organizations behind these industry standards.

Organizations that Create Networking Standards

In the sections below, we will discuss 7 different standards bodies that control everything from text formats to IP address allocation.

American National Standards Institute (ANSI)

The American National Standards Institute (ANSI) is a United States-based organization responsible for US standards and assessment systems. The standards established by this group are geared towards strengthening the US position in the international global economy. These standards govern the computer and technology industry. ANSI is the main body responsible for coordinating and publishing information on standards in the networking and technology Industry in the United States. There about 13,000 standards under their control.

One of most common and long-standing standards they have established is the American Standard Code for Information Exchange (ASCII). This standard is responsible for the codes used to represent text used in computers, telecommunication equipment and other digital devices. By reading this text, you are benefiting from the standards that govern the text represented on your screen.

Telecommunications Industry Association (TIA)

Formerly known as the Electronic Industries Alliance (EIA), the Telecommunications Industry Association (TIA) was formed to govern the electronic manufacturers industry in the United States. It ensures the compatibility and interchangeability through structured cabling between equipment from different manufacturers. Today the work of the EIA continues within TIA as the EIA no longer exists.

The well-known unshielded twisted pair cable systems CAT3 through CAT5 which we commonly use to today in our networks is governed by the TIA. Another example would be standard TIA-568-C which governs telecommunications cabling standards. These are used by nearly all voice, video and data networks. With the EIA no longer in existence, the naming conventions of the various standards were also changed from RSR-232 to EIA-232, and then again to TIA-232, now that the standards body has changed.

International Standards Organization (ISO)

The International Standards Organization (ISO) is another standards organization represented internationally by 17 national standards organizations and is based in Geneva Switzerland. These standards cover things like manufactured products in network technology. In networking where Ethernet technology forms the foundation of most local area networks (LANs), the ISO/IEC/IEEE 8802-3:2017, for example, governs the telecommunications and information exchange between systems.

International Telecommunications Union (ITU)

The International Telecommunications Union (ITU) is an arm of the United Nations consisting of three sectors:

  • Radio Communication (ITU-R) which sets standards for fair use in radio frequency (RF)
  • Telecommunication Standardization (ITU-T) which standardizes telecommunication operations internationally
  • Telecommunication Development (ITU-D) which manages communications operations in developed countries.

The ITU formulates and publishes standards within the electronic communication and broadcasting technologies, including the Internet.

Internet Society (ISOC)

The Internet Society (ISOC) is another non-profit international organization responsible for the standards that govern the Internet as well as education and development policies. A typical network standard under this organization is the SO/IEC 27033-1:2015. This provides an overall document that describes and provides the concepts and guidelines that govern network security.

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