Ottoman Empire Lesson Plan

Instructor: Tammy Galloway

Tammy teaches business courses at the post-secondary and secondary level and has a master's of business administration in finance.

Teachers, this lesson explores the longest running empire in history, the Ottoman Empire. Students will watch a video, participate in discussion questions, complete two activities and take a quiz.

Learning Objectives

After this lesson, students will be able to:

  • discuss the origin of the Ottoman Empire
  • explain how the empire came to power
  • create a timeline of the Ottoman Empire reign


60 minutes

Curriculum Standards


Determine the meaning of words and phrases as they are used in a text, including vocabulary describing political, social, or economic aspects of history/social science.


Integrate quantitative or technical analysis (e.g., charts, research data) with qualitative analysis in print or digital text.


Assess the extent to which the reasoning and evidence in a text support the author's claims.



  • Ask students to define an empire and allow them to share their responses.
  • Tell students an empire represents reign or authority over a territory or land, and in this lesson, they will learn about one of the longest running empires, the Ottoman.
  • Start playing the The Ottoman Empire video and stop at 01:43.
  • Pose the following questions to the class:
    • When did the Ottoman Empire begin?
    • Who spearheaded the Ottoman Empire?
    • Use technology to define ghazis, and explain how it helped conquer the Seljuk Turks.
  • Restart the video and play until the end then ask the class these questions:
    • How did the Ottoman Empire gain control?
    • Which city did the empire consider a huge feat? Why?
    • With whom did the Ottoman Empire meet their match and start to decline?
    • How did this power over-rule the Ottoman Empire?
    • How were the British considered friend and foe?
    • When did the Ottoman Empire end?
  • Afterwards, distribute the lesson quiz to demonstrate learning.

Activity I

  • Distribute a blank world map to each student.
  • Ask them to circle the countries outlined in the hard copy lesson, then identify each country on the map.
  • Allow students to shade the areas where the Ottoman Empire ruled and share their findings.

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