Oxen Facts: Lesson for Kids

Lesson Transcript
Instructor: Tiffany Hightower

Tiffany is a certified elementary school teacher. She has a B.A. in English, education certification and a master's degree in education from Central Michigan University.

Oxen are unique creatures with interesting features that you may be surprised to discover. Continue with this lesson to learn more about the history of oxen, how they help people, their traits, and a few fun facts about them. Updated: 03/22/2021

What Are Oxen?

Have you ever heard of the saying, ''A person is as strong as an ox?'' This saying refers to the powerful strength of oxen, which is the plural form of ox. Oxen are adult male bulls, or cattle that have been domesticated, or tamed, typically to do farm work. Oxen are considered to be adults around the age of four years old, and they usually live for 15 years. Oxen are large, strong-looking animals with two horns and four legs.

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  • 0:04 What Are Oxen?
  • 0:34 What Do Oxen Eat?
  • 0:48 How Strong Are Oxen?
  • 1:29 How Do Oxen Help People?
  • 2:35 Fun Facts About Oxen
  • 2:53 Lesson Summary
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What Do Oxen Eat?

Oxen are herbivores, which means that they eat plants. Oxen eat grains that are easily found on the farms where they usually live. They also eat grass and other similar plants that are available where they live.

How Strong Are Oxen?

Can you imagine a lumberjack chopping down huge trees in a forest, then trying to pull the logs? That would take super-human strength! However, oxen are strong enough to pull gigantic logs at a steady pace. Oxen are also cooperative and dependable animals that can continue to use their strength for long amounts of time.

Some animals may try to run away when they're forced to do hard work for too long. However, oxen are loyal animals that'll stay around. Oxen are also hardworking animals that are even stronger than horses. An amazing fact about oxen is that they can do all of this work while only needing about four hours of sleep per day!

How Do Oxen Help People?

You may have a pet dog that you enjoy seeing doing tricks based on your commands. Oxen are similar to pet dogs because they also respond to commands. Farmers have signals that they use to direct oxen to do various jobs. The signals consist of words or movements that oxen can understand. People have used oxen to do work for over 6,000 years! Let's take a closer look at the work oxen can do on command.

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