Pakistan Facts: Lesson for Kids

Instructor: Jennifer Lowery

Jennifer has taught elementary levels K-3 and has master's degrees in elementary education and curriculum/instruction and educational leadership.

Pakistan is a country in Asia located next to India. In this lesson, discover the history of Pakistan, and learn about its wildlife, culture, and people.

Where is Pakistan?

The country of Pakistan is located nearly on the other side of the world from the United States. It is found on the continent of Asia and its neighbors include India, Afghanistan, and Iran. The largest city is Karachi, but the capital city is Islamabad, located in the northern part of the country.

Pakistan is located on the continent of Asia, and borders the Arabian Sea.
Map of Pakistan

History of the Country

Pakistan's history is tied in with the history of India, its neighbor. Before these countries even existed, an ancient civilization lived in the river valley surrounding the Indus River. Groups who invaded the area brought the religions of Hinduism and Islam to the people living there.

In 1858, the British took control of the area until 1947. At that time, India became independent and was split into two countries. The country of India was Hindu and Pakistan was mostly Islam.

Geography and Climate

There are a few different kinds of land in Pakistan. The country is divided into five geographic regions. Two regions are mountainous and one includes the famous Himalayan Mountains. In these parts of the country, the climate can be cold and snowy.

The Himalayas are located the northern part of Pakistan.
Mountains in Pakistan

Two other regions are plateau regions. A plateau is a raised piece of land that is flat on top. Temperatures are warmer in these areas, although there is not as much rainfall and the climate can be very dry.

The fifth region is the Indus River plain, created by the Indus River, the longest river in Pakistan. It flows for over 2,000 miles! This area is so large that there is quite a bit of variety in climate. Some areas are desert-like, while other areas are rainy and often have flooding.

Pakistan Wildlife

The different types of geography and climate in Pakistan means there are a lot of different types of animals and wildlife found there as well! The beach and coastal areas are home to many marine animals, such as gulls, sea turtles, and crocodiles. In the desert areas, gazelles, jackals, and lynxes wander freely.

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