Pangaea Lesson for Kids

An error occurred trying to load this video.

Try refreshing the page, or contact customer support.

Coming up next: Types of Rocks: Lesson for Kids

You're on a roll. Keep up the good work!

Take Quiz Watch Next Lesson
Your next lesson will play in 10 seconds
  • 0:04 Pangaea
  • 1:01 History
  • 1:49 Supercontinent Evidence
  • 2:13 Lesson Summary
Save Save Save

Want to watch this again later?

Log in or sign up to add this lesson to a Custom Course.

Log in or Sign up

Speed Speed

Recommended Lessons and Courses for You

Lesson Transcript
Instructor: Anna Reinking

Anni taught elementary school for eight years and is currently teaching college. She received her Ed.D. in Curriculum and Instruction.

This lesson discusses the supercontinent known as Pangaea. In this lesson, learn the history of Pangaea, the information scientists of gathered focused on Pangaea, and other interesting facts related to Pangaea.


What is Pangaea? Pangaea technically means 'the whole land.' The Pangaea we'll be talking about in this lesson refers to the supercontinent that is believed to have included all of the landmasses around the world. Scientists believe that before the current layout of the world that all of the landmasses were connected, millions and millions of years ago.

Why do scientists think there was one big supercontinent? Well, if you look at a picture of Pangaea, you can see how the continents, or the main land masses of the world, such as North America and South America, fit together like a big puzzle.

Have you ever completed a puzzle? Sometimes they're hard to figure out, but scientists have worked very hard and figured out that the eastern coast of South America seems to have fit into the western coast of Africa. Additionally, if North America were rotated slightly from its current position it would fit perfectly into Europe and Asia.


Who was the first scientist to propose this Pangaea theory? It was the German geologist and meteorologist Alfred Wegener. However, it didn't start with the idea of Pangaea but rather the idea of what he called the continental drift, or the idea that the earth's surface slowly moves apart because it's located on top of a liquid core.

The continental drift is related to the fact that the earth is made up of tectonic plates, or large, separate pieces of Earth's surface that are constantly moving, which causes natural disasters such as earthquakes and volcanoes. Over millions of years, these tectonic plates have caused Earth's continents to slowly drift away from each other, and it's still happening. This is the theory behind how Pangaea broke apart into the continents we have today.

To unlock this lesson you must be a Member.
Create your account

Register to view this lesson

Are you a student or a teacher?

Unlock Your Education

See for yourself why 30 million people use

Become a member and start learning now.
Become a Member  Back
What teachers are saying about
Try it risk-free for 30 days

Earning College Credit

Did you know… We have over 200 college courses that prepare you to earn credit by exam that is accepted by over 1,500 colleges and universities. You can test out of the first two years of college and save thousands off your degree. Anyone can earn credit-by-exam regardless of age or education level.

To learn more, visit our Earning Credit Page

Transferring credit to the school of your choice

Not sure what college you want to attend yet? has thousands of articles about every imaginable degree, area of study and career path that can help you find the school that's right for you.

Create an account to start this course today
Try it risk-free for 30 days!
Create an account