Pangaea Lesson Plan

Instructor: Tammy Galloway

Tammy teaches business courses at the post-secondary and secondary level and has a master's of business administration in finance.

Teach your students the concept of Pangaea with this lesson plan that includes a video lesson, discussion questions, two geography activities and a quiz.

Learning Objectives

After this lesson, students will be able to:

  • define Pangaea
  • identify each continent and discuss how separate continents were formed
  • create a supercontinent similar to Pangaea


This lesson will take 60 minutes. The lesson extension is optional and may take an additional 30 minutes.

Curriculum Standards


Integrate visual information (e.g., in charts, graphs, photographs, videos, or maps) with other information in print and digital texts.


  • For each student, make an envelope that contains a cut out of each continent (they will be putting the individual pieces together as a puzzle)
  • Construction paper
  • Markers and crayons
  • Glue
  • Copy of lesson quiz, one for each student
  • If completing the Extension, you will need a picture of each continent to display to the class


  • Begin this lesson with the following video What is Pangaea? - Theory & Definition and pose these discussion questions afterwards:
    • What is Pangaea?
    • What scientist proposed Pangaea?
    • How was Pangaea separated into the continents we know today?
    • After watching the video, do you believe Pangaea existed? Why or why not?


  • Distribute the prepared envelope to each student.
  • Tell students the scientist thought Pangaea existed because the continents seem to fit together like a puzzle.
  • Ask students to take out the pieces in the envelope and identify each continent. If you're presenting this lesson shortly after a lesson on world continents, then you may want to allow students to identify the continents from memory to activate prior knowledge. If this lesson is completely separate from a world continent lesson, you may want to list the continents on the board and allow students to simply identify each piece.
  • Once students have finished, allow them to color each continent as desired.
  • After the coloring activity, distribute the piece of construction paper to each student and tell students they are now going to create Pangaea by connecting all the continents together like a puzzle. Ask them to glue each piece on top of the construction paper.
  • Allow students to share their work.

Then group students and pose the following exit ticket:

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