Paragraphs Lesson for Kids

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  • 0:04 What Is a Paragraph?
  • 0:48 Topic Sentence
  • 2:17 Coherence
  • 3:45 Transition Words
  • 4:49 Lesson Summary
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Lesson Transcript
Instructor: Heather Jenkins

Heather has a bachelor's degree in elementary education and a master's degree in special education. She was a public school teacher and administrator for 11 years.

When you write something, it should be organized so a reader can understand what you're trying to say. We often use paragraphs to organize our writing. In this lesson, you will learn about paragraphs and how to include effective paragraphs in your writing.

What Is a Paragraph?

Why are you and your friends actually friends? People who are friends usually have something in common. Perhaps they both like sports, ice cream, skateboarding, or collecting rubber chickens.

A paragraph is kind of like a group of friends. Paragraphs are groups of sentences that share a common idea. They are all written about a certain topic, just like friends usually share a common interest.

Paragraphs often include examples or evidence to support a topic, idea, or opinion. It's kind of like when you want your parents to buy you a certain toy, so you list several reasons why they should buy it. So, how can you write effective paragraphs? Let's take a look!

Topic Sentence

Writing effective paragraphs is a great way to make sure readers understand what you are saying. There are several elements that all effective paragraphs have in common. Let's explore them.

What if you walked into Peter's Pizza Palace and they were serving liver instead of pizza? Wouldn't you feel confused? Just like the restaurant has a sign that tells you what to expect inside, a paragraph has a topic sentence that tells the reader what they'll be reading about in the paragraph.

A topic sentence gives a general overview of what the paragraph will cover, and it's usually placed at the start of the paragraph. It introduces an idea, topic, or opinion that will be explained throughout the rest of the paragraph. Take a look at this paragraph. What would be a good topic sentence to place in the highlighted part?


An effective topic sentence for this paragraph might be: ''When deciding on a delicious meal, pizza is a better choice than liver for many reasons.'' The other sentences in the paragraph give reasons why pizza is a better choice than liver, so the topic sentence should state this clearly for the reader.


Have you ever read something that simply did not make sense? Well, if you haven't, you're about to! Let's read this paragraph about the best pizza ever and think about what needs to be fixed.

What is wrong with this paragraph?

The best pizza paragraph has some issues with coherence. In writing, coherence means that the writing makes sense and ideas connect or work together to build or support a main idea.

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