Participle Lesson Plan

Instructor: Sharon Linde

Sharon has a Masters of Science in Mathematics

Use this lesson plan to teach your students about the participle. A text lesson defines the term and explains aspects of a participle such as types and punctuation usage. Guided practice and discussion questions help students understand concepts and a fun game allows them to apply learning.

Learning Objectives

After this lesson, students will be able to:

  • define 'participle' and 'participle phrase'
  • explain the two types of participles
  • describe the difference between a participle phrase and gerund
  • demonstrate understanding of punctuation when using participle phrases


1 - 1.5 hours


  • Copies of the lesson What is a Participle Phrase? - Definition & Examples, one for each student
  • Participles written on index cards; one set of six per group
  • Prepared sentences with improper punctuation and dangling participles
  • Blank bingo sheets and covers
  • Prepared sentences to use with the activity: Half of the sentences contain gerunds while the other half contain present participles. Don't use the same word more than once. If the word is used as a gerund it should not appear in another sentence that uses it as a participle.

Key Vocabulary

  • Participle
  • Present participle
  • Past participle
  • Participle phrase
  • Gerund
  • Dangling participle

Curriculum Standards


Demonstrate command of the conventions of standard English grammar and usage when writing or speaking.


Explain the function of verbals (gerunds, participles, infinitives) in general and their function in particular sentences.

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