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Parts of a Seed: Lesson for Kids

Parts of a Seed: Lesson for Kids
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  • 0:04 The Food We Eat
  • 0:30 How a Seed Becomes a Seed
  • 1:00 Parts of a Seed
  • 3:05 Lesson Summary
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Lesson Transcript
Instructor: Emily Lockhart

Emily has taught science and has a master's degree in education.

Farmers use seeds to grow many of the foods we eat, and this makes seeds very important to us. In this lesson, we will learn how a seed becomes a seed and how the parts of the seed work together to grow into plants as well as fruits and vegetables.

The Food We Eat

If you ate anything today, you should thank a farmer. Farmers grow the food we eat, or they grow the food that feeds the animals that we eat. Most of the food farmers grow starts out as a little seed. That seed is planted in the ground to become yummy fruits and vegetables. This lesson will look at the parts of a seed to see how it works. So, let's get growing. . . I mean going!

How a Seed Becomes a Seed

All seeds need to have directions to know what to become and what to look like. These directions come from two different parts of a plant: the pollen and the ovules. The pollen is the male half of a plant and has half of the directions. The female directions are stored in the ovules, which will develop into a seed after it's fertilized by pollen. Ovules are held in the ovary of the plant. When the pollen and the ovules meet, the seed will develop and be ready to become a plant.

Parts of a Seed

You've likely eaten many seeds and not even realized it. Sunflower seeds, peas, beans, and corn are all seeds that you eat. If you placed any of these seeds in the ground, they could become a plant. All seeds have three main parts: the seed coat, the food storage, and the embryo.

Seed coats are a protective layer on the outside of a seed. The tough husk that you spit out after eating a sunflower seed is the seed coat. Other seed coats, like lima beans, are very thin, and you don't even realize you're eating it, while others are hard to digest. We're unable to digest the seed coat of corn kernels.

The next part of a seed is the food storage, which provides all of the nutrients to the seed to help it grow. For humans, the food storage is the part of the seed that provides the taste of the food. Peas and corn are delicious because of the food storage in the seed.

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