Past Perfect Tense Lesson Plan

Instructor: Sharon Linde

Sharon has a Masters of Science in Mathematics

Working on past perfect tense with your students? This lesson plan uses a text to explain how and when to use this verb tense, then guides students through a game and activity to help them understand and apply learning in a fun way.

Learning Objectives

After this lesson, students will be able to:

  • explain the relationship between tenses and verbs
  • define 'past perfect verb tense'
  • identify and form past perfect verbs


1 - 1.5 hours

Curriculum Standards

  • CCSS.ELA-Literacy.L.8.1

Demonstrate command of the conventions of standard English grammar and usage when writing or speaking.

  • CCSS.ELA-Literacy.L.8.1.b

Form and use verbs in the active and passive voice.

  • CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.8.4

Determine the meaning of words and phrases as they are used in a text, including figurative, connotative, and technical meanings; analyze the impact of specific word choices on meaning and tone, including analogies or allusions to other texts.


Key Vocabulary

  • Tense
  • Past tense
  • Participle
  • Present participle
  • Past participle
  • Irregular verbs
  • Past perfect

Warm-Up and Preparation

  • Start class by having students think of the things they did the day before. What time did they get up? What did they do next?
  • Have students make an accounting of their day in their notebooks using time marks. Do a model:
    • 6:30 - Woke up
    • 6:45 - Shower
    • 7:00 - Ate breakfast
  • Discuss these events briefly, guiding students to the conclusion that they all happened in the past.

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