Copyright

Pastoral Society: Definition & Concept Video

An error occurred trying to load this video.

Try refreshing the page, or contact customer support.

Coming up next: Post-Industrial Society: Definition & Characteristics

You're on a roll. Keep up the good work!

Take Quiz Watch Next Lesson
 Replay
Your next lesson will play in 10 seconds
  • 0:01 What Is a Pastoral Society?
  • 0:51 Types
  • 1:42 Examples
  • 2:41 Lesson Summary
Save Save Save

Want to watch this again later?

Log in or sign up to add this lesson to a Custom Course.

Log in or Sign up

Timeline
Autoplay
Autoplay
Speed Speed

Recommended Lessons and Courses for You

Lesson Transcript
Instructor: Mary Firestone
Find out what a pastoral society is, and the ways of those who live the pastoral lifestyle. Learn about how pastoral societies depend on animals and look at some examples.

What Is a Pastoral Society?

A pastoral society is a nomadic group of people who travel with a herd of domesticated animals, which they rely on for food. The word 'pastoral' comes from the Latin root word pastor, which means 'shepherd.' Someone living in a pastoral society is called a pastoralist.

Desert areas or northern climates where it's difficult to grow crops are where pastoral societies have been in existence for hundreds of years, and they were formed as a means of supporting life. Since they couldn't grow crops to help them survive, they relied on the meat and dairy from their herds. The types of livestock used in pastoral societies are all herding herbivores, such as sheep, buffalo, camels, reindeer, goats, or cattle.

Types

There are two types of pastoral societies: nomadism and transhumance. The nomads migrate according to the changing seasons from one area to another to meet the needs of their animals. The locations vary from season to season. Or, they might return to a previously visited area, but generally do not form permanent homes in any one place. The tribes live in tents and are usually self-sufficient.

The transhumance pastoralists also migrate according to seasons, but they return to the same locations. They move to cooler areas in the summer and warmer areas in winter. Each location has either an established village or house which they return to when the seasons change. Pastoral societies are not strictly nomadic or transhumance, however. They will adapt to conditions as they're presented.

To unlock this lesson you must be a Study.com Member.
Create your account

Register to view this lesson

Are you a student or a teacher?

Unlock Your Education

See for yourself why 30 million people use Study.com

Become a Study.com member and start learning now.
Become a Member  Back
What teachers are saying about Study.com
Try it risk-free for 30 days

Earning College Credit

Did you know… We have over 200 college courses that prepare you to earn credit by exam that is accepted by over 1,500 colleges and universities. You can test out of the first two years of college and save thousands off your degree. Anyone can earn credit-by-exam regardless of age or education level.

To learn more, visit our Earning Credit Page

Transferring credit to the school of your choice

Not sure what college you want to attend yet? Study.com has thousands of articles about every imaginable degree, area of study and career path that can help you find the school that's right for you.

Create an account to start this course today
Try it risk-free for 30 days!
Create an account
Support