Peacock Adaptations: Lesson for Kids

Peacock Adaptations: Lesson for Kids
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  • 0:04 A Peacock's Plumage
  • 1:01 Eating Everywhere
  • 1:31 Peacock-Only Parties
  • 2:05 Defense
  • 3:13 Lesson Summary
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Lesson Transcript
Instructor: Mary Beth Burns

Mary Beth has taught 1st, 4th and 5th grade and has a specialist degree in Educational Leadership. She is currently an assistant principal.

How cool are peacocks? They have to be one of the most beautiful animals out there! In this lesson, learn about some adaptations that allow them to be successful in their environment.

Shake Your Tail Feather

Many living things look for that something special that they find attractive in a mate. For some, it might be a nice smile. For others, it might be sparkling eyes. For peacocks (the males of the peafowl species), it's all about the plumage, which is that amazing tail feather fan that they are best known for.

Peacocks' plumages are very colorful, with beautiful shades of blue, gold, green and purple, and are donned with spots, also known as eyes. These plumages cannot be missed, as they account for around 60% of the peacock's total body length.

Check out the plumage on this guy!

For peahens (female peafowl), the more color, the better. When the male is trying to attract a female, he will open up his feathers and vibrate his tail. It actually looks like he's doing a fancy dance. Scientists believe that the female will select her mate based on who has the most impressive tail, so the male really wants his tail to stand out during the dance.

Eat, Eat, Eat

Do you know someone who eats just about anything? Well, so do peacocks. They are omnivores, meaning they eat both meat and plants. Peacocks will search far and wide for food, which is known as foraging, and eat just about any chance they get. Their sharp, curved beaks are perfect for pecking food. A peacock's diet consists of things like insects, worms, snails, grass, grain, seeds, fruit, flowers, lizards, frogs and even scorpions.

A peacock will use its beak to forage for food.

Peacock-Only Parties

When it comes to other birds, peacocks are just not interested in making friends. In fact, they really don't get along very well with other kinds of birds. When it comes to other peacocks, however, they are incredibly social.

Peacocks tend to gather in groups, also known as parties. However, males and females generally live apart. The female parties are where the babies are raised. It's the peahen's job to raise the babies, and groups of peahens will live close together to raise the babies in a tight-knit community. It's like having a bunch of cousins and aunts nearby!

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