Peer-Mediated Instruction & Behavior Management

Instructor: Della McGuire

Della has been teaching secondary and adult education for over 20 years. She holds a BS in Sociology, MEd in Reading, and is ABD on the MComm in Storytelling.

In this lesson we will learn about peer-mediated instruction and behavior management and how they are used. We will also learn the steps used to implement peer mediation in the classroom.

What is Peer Mediation?

Peer-mediated instruction and intervention (PMII) is a strategy for teaching and classroom management that enlists the assistance of student leadership. PMII uses the power of peer pressure to help students perform better in school. It can help them to develop healthy interpersonal relations as well as improve their study skills and academic performance. Teachers benefit from the support of the student volunteers, and schools themselves benefit from the culture of collaboration that is created within the student body.

Pairing higher level students with struggling students in a mentorship program can help mediate behavior and improve scores
peer mentor

Types of Peer Mediation

Peer mediation can be used in the classroom for instruction - as with peer tutors or academic assistants - or it may be focused on interpersonal interactions and pro-social behaviors. Whichever goal is higher on the agenda, the steps in the process of instituting and maintaining PMII will be about the same. Let's take a look at how these steps might go.

Steps in Peer Mediation


Teachers can use student surveys, along with their best judgment, to identify which students should be peer mentors and tutors. Student surveys might include questions like: Who would you like to play with on the playground? Who would you invite to a party? Who would you like to sit with at lunch? The teacher should use his or her judgment in considering students with the following characteristics:

  • Good communication skills
  • Regular school attendance
  • Willingness to participate
  • Ability to follow instructions


The newly recruited student mentors and tutors should be trained in the appropriate protocols for delivering instruction or social coping skills. In training, tutors will learn how the program will work and will have their new roles explained to them. Students will then be partnered and begin working together.


Peer mentors should not be held responsible for delivering consequences if a student breaks the rules or acts out. Instructors must keep an eye on the students as they make progress. Instructors can operate as coaches, providing guidance during the process.


Instructors can evaluate the program's efficacy through student behavior in social settings, or by performance on academic assessments. Both the mentor and mentee should be evaluated individually and as a team. Student participants should also have an opportunity to self-report their own perception of how well the program is working for them.

To unlock this lesson you must be a Member.
Create your account

Register to view this lesson

Are you a student or a teacher?

Unlock Your Education

See for yourself why 30 million people use

Become a member and start learning now.
Become a Member  Back
What teachers are saying about
Try it risk-free for 30 days

Earning College Credit

Did you know… We have over 200 college courses that prepare you to earn credit by exam that is accepted by over 1,500 colleges and universities. You can test out of the first two years of college and save thousands off your degree. Anyone can earn credit-by-exam regardless of age or education level.

To learn more, visit our Earning Credit Page

Transferring credit to the school of your choice

Not sure what college you want to attend yet? has thousands of articles about every imaginable degree, area of study and career path that can help you find the school that's right for you.

Create an account to start this course today
Try it risk-free for 30 days!
Create an account