Peer Mediation Lesson Plan

Instructor: Sharon Linde

Sharon has a Masters of Science in Mathematics

Thinking about using peer mediation in your classroom? Start things off on the right foot with this explanatory lesson plan. Students will read a text lesson detailing what peer mediation is and how it's done. Discuss concepts during the reading, then apply to a role-playing activity.

Learning Objectives

After this lesson, students will be able to:

  • define 'peer mediation'
  • explain what peer mediation, how it works, and why it's important
  • identify the steps of peer mediation

Length

1 hour

Materials

Key Vocabulary

  • Peer mediation
  • Peer mediation techniques
  • Negotiate
  • Mediate

Curriculum Standards

  • CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.7.3

Analyze the interactions between individuals, events, and ideas in a text (e.g., how ideas influence individuals or events, or how individuals influence ideas or events).

  • CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.7.4

Determine the meaning of words and phrases as they are used in a text, including figurative, connotative, and technical meanings; analyze the impact of a specific word choice on meaning and tone.

  • CCSS.ELA-Literacy.SL.7.1

Engage effectively in a range of collaborative discussions (one-on-one, in groups, and teacher-led) with diverse partners on grade 7 topics, texts, and issues, building on others' ideas and expressing their own clearly.

  • CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RST.6-8.3

Follow precisely a multi-step procedure when carrying out experiments, taking measurements, or performing technical tasks.

Instructions

  • Engage students with the topic by asking them to read and respond in writing to the following prompt:
    • Ms. Brown's fourth-grade students have shown difficulty solving problems so she decided to teach them peer mediation. What is this process and how does it work?
  • Allow students to infer to answer these questions then divide them into small groups to discuss answers.
  • Briefly discuss the question as a class then tell students they will be learning about peer mediation and techniques.
  • Distribute the lesson Peer Mediation: Definition & Steps and read the section 'At Wit's End' together. Discuss:
    • Why was Ms. Brown skeptical about peer mediation?
    • Why did Ms. Brown's students need peer mediation?
  • Now read the sections 'What Is Peer Mediation?' and 'A Mediation Atmosphere' together. Define the terms from the lesson, then ask:
    • What are the two methods of peer mediation? Does one have a benefit over the other?
    • How does peer mediation work?
    • Why aren't all schools a good fit for peer mediation?
    • What is a 'good' mediation atmosphere?
  • Read the section 'How Can Students Become Peer Mediators?' and list steps on chart paper for future reference. Pose these questions to small groups of students to discuss:
    • Why did the students learn to negotiate first?
    • How and why does a neutral third party help mediate?
    • What is the goal of peer mediation?
    • What should students do if peer mediation doesn't work?
  • Ask for two student volunteers and pose a role-playing scenario, such as two students who couldn't agree whose turn it is to go first in kickball.
  • Model peer mediation techniques by acting as the mediator in this situation. Encourage your student volunteers to get into their character, arguing to be first in kickball.
  • Instruct observing students to observe the mediation techniques and be prepared to discuss.
  • When the issue is 'solved' discuss with students the specifics of how you acted as a mediator. List these on the chart paper.
  • Read the 'Lesson Summary' together.

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