Peruvian Food Facts: Lesson for Kids

Instructor: Angela Burke

Angela has over ten years of teaching experience in Special Education, classroom teaching and GT. She has a master's degree in Special Ed with an emphasis in Gifted.

Peru is a country in South America that has a variety of interesting foods. In this lesson, learn about the national dish of Peru and discover unusual and traditional foods that are eaten.

Food Frenzy

Think about your favorite foods. In America, many people enjoy eating pasta, cheeseburgers, and tacos. But not everyone in the world enjoys these types of foods.

If you were to travel to Peru, a country located on the continent of South America, you would get to try many different kinds of foods. Let's discover some interesting food facts about Peru!


Would you eat raw fish? In Peru, one of the most popular foods is ceviche, a dish made of raw fish. The fish is soaked in lime or lemon juice and is typically seasoned with cilantro, garlic, onion, peppers, and salt. It is quite tasty and the national dish of Peru! Because Peru is next to the Pacific Ocean, fish and seafood are eaten frequently along the coast.


Meat and Potatoes

Another staple food, which is a food that makes up the majority of a culture's diet and is eaten regularly, includes potatoes. In Peru, there are hundreds of varieties to try. Potatoes come in different colors too, including purple and blue. Some are as small as nuts and others are the size of an orange. Other staple foods include rice, hot peppers, and lemons.

Potatoes for Sale in Peru

Chicken, beef, pork, and lamb were brought to Peru nearly 500 years ago by Spanish explorers. Just like you might like to gather with family and friends to eat these types of foods cooked on a grill, people in Peru like to get together and eat pachamanca. Meaning 'earth oven,' pachamanca is the term used to describe the cooking method, type of oven, and the dish itself. The oven is made by digging a hole in the ground and layering it with hot rocks to cook the food. In addition to meats like pork, beef, and chicken, pachamanca also includes potatoes and corn. Pachamanca has been an important part of Peruvian cuisine since the Incan civilization and is still used in the Andes Mountains today during celebrations.

Not A Pet

In America, many families have guinea pigs for pets. However, guinea pigs are not pets in Peru. Instead, they are considered a delicacy. A delicacy is a rare food that is expensive and often eaten on special occasions.

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