Phonemic Awareness Lesson Plan

Instructor: Christopher Muscato

Chris has a master's degree in history and teaches at the University of Northern Colorado.

This lesson plan will introduce your students to phonemic awareness skills through listening and repetition exercises. Students will practice identifying phonemes and will begin to consider combining them to create simple words.

Learning Objectives

Upon completion of this lesson, students will be able to:

  • Distinguish consonants and vowels
  • Demonstrate greater phonemic awareness
  • Begin assembling phonemes in order to construct simple words


60-90 minutes (can be spread out over the course of several days)

Curriculum Standards


Ask and answer questions about key details in a text read aloud or information presented orally or through other media.


Isolate and pronounce initial, medial vowel, and final sounds (phonemes) in spoken single-syllable words.


Segment spoken single-syllable words into their complete sequence of individual sounds (phonemes).


  • A display of the letters of the alphabet
  • Bag with 26 slips of paper, each with one letter of the alphabet
  • Bag with several objects or images that have simple names like hat or car
  • Set of flashcards for each student (or materials to let students make their own flashcards) with 5-10 of the most common consonants listed on each flashcard - ensure consonants correspond with the beginning and ending sounds of the objects you have chosen above

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