Pig Adaptations: Lesson for Kids

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  • 0:00 Pigs Everywhere
  • 0:46 Physical Adaptations
  • 2:06 Behavioral Adaptations
  • 2:54 Lesson Summary
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Lesson Transcript
Instructor: April Inocente
Whether you find them cute and cuddly or fat muddy messes, pigs are all over the world and have adapted to survive in just about every environment. Learn about the adaptations and characteristics that allow pigs to live in so many different places.

Pigs Everywhere

Can you name an animal that is fat, eats just about anything, has a large snout and a small curly tail, rolls around in the mud, and snorts? If you answered pig, you are correct. But did you know pigs have other lesser known qualities and adaptations that make them awesome? An adaptation is a change over time in which an animal or plant becomes better equipped for its environment.

Pigs live all over the world and have adapted to many different environments to survive. Most people think of a pigs living on a farm or ranch but there are wild pigs all over the world as well. People began to catch wild boars to tame and keep on farms around 12,000 BC.

Physical Adaptations

Pigs have adapted different physical characteristics to be able to survive in any environment. Physical adaptations are changes in an animal's body that help it survive. Pigs have several of these. They have the long snout with large nostrils to be able to smell really well and to forage for food. Wild boars eat a variety of plants, acorns, grasses, mushrooms, eggs, and roots, but they will also eat small birds, mammals and newborns of different animals. Pigs on farms are usually fed a grain mix made of corn, wheat, and barley.

To avoid predators in the wild, pigs have very good hearing. This is fortunate, because they have terrible eyesight. In the wild, boars are mostly nocturnal, meaning they're awake at night and asleep during the day. They can't see in the darks, so they're great listeners, but when they do encounter a predator they have large tusks that can gouge and injure the predator in a battle.

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