Plant Adaptations Lesson Plan for Elementary School

Instructor: Dana Dance-Schissel

Dana teaches social sciences at the college level and English and psychology at the high school level. She has master's degrees in applied, clinical and community psychology.

What is adaptation and how and why do plants take part? This lesson plan uses an informative video lesson to explain plant adaptation. An activity gives students the chance to be creative while they show what they learned.

Learning Objectives

Upon completion of this lesson, students will be able to:

  • define 'adaptation' as it relates to plants
  • list different plant habitats
  • describe and explain the different types of plant adaptations that emerge in varying habitats


45 to 60 minutes

Curriculum Standards


Refer to details and examples in a text when explaining what the text says explicitly and when drawing inferences from the text.


Determine the main idea of a text and explain how it is supported by key details; summarize the text.


Explain events, procedures, ideas, or concepts in a historical, scientific, or technical text, including what happened and why, based on specific information in the text.


Determine the meaning of general academic and domain-specific words or phrases in a text relevant to a grade 4 topic or subject area.


  • A worksheet created using the quiz from the associated text lesson
  • Construction paper in assorted colors
  • Scissors
  • Glue
  • Markers


  • Begin by asking the class the following questions:
    • How many of you have been poked by a rose bush or other prickly plant?
    • Why do you think some plants have thorns?
  • Play the video lesson Plant Adaptations: Lesson for Kids, pausing it at 0:43.
  • What is a plant adaptation?
  • Play the video lesson again and pause it this time at 2:24.
    • What types of adaptations do desert plants have?
    • How about plants that live in the rainforest?
    • How do plants in a habitat with minimal sunlight adapt?
    • Why do some flowering plants bloom in bright colors?
  • Play the video lesson. Pause it at 3:17.
    • Why do some plants eats animals?
  • Play the remainder of the video lesson for the class before continuing.
  • Pass out the worksheet to the students.
  • Instruct the students to complete the worksheet using what they learned about plant adaptation from the text lesson.
  • When all students have finished the worksheet, review each question and answer with the class.

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