Plant Cells Lesson Plan

Instructor: Julie Zundel

Julie has taught high school Zoology, Biology, Physical Science and Chem Tech. She has a Bachelor of Science in Biology and a Master of Education.

Learning all of the vocabulary associated with plant cells can be overwhelming. Use this lesson plan to help your students remember and enjoy this important part of biology as they view actual organelles with a microscope and create organelle analogies.

Learning Objectives

After this lesson, students will be able to:

  • Identify the structures in a plant cell using a microscope
  • Describe the function of the major organelles found in plant cells
  • Identify the structures that are found in plant cells


  • 80 minutes on Day 1
  • 20-30 minutes on Day 2


  • Microscopes for each group
  • Plant cells (celery and elodea, an aquatic plant that can be found at pet stores, are recommended)
  • Glass slides and cover slips
  • Science journals
  • Images of the following (to show on an overhead projector):
    • cell wall
    • cell membrane
    • nucleus
    • chloroplasts
  • Diagram of a plant cell with labeled organelles (to show on an overhead)
  • Note cards for vocabulary words (each card should have one word on one side and the corresponding definition on the other side)

Curriculum Standards


Follow precisely a complex multistep procedure when carrying out experiments, taking measurements, or performing technical tasks, attending to special cases or exceptions defined in the text.


Determine the meaning of symbols, key terms, and other domain-specific words and phrases as they are used in a specific scientific or technical context relevant to grades 9-10 texts and topics.


Analyze the structure of the relationships among concepts in a text, including relationships among key terms (e.g., force, friction, reaction force, energy).


  • Cell
  • Cell membrane
  • Cell wall
  • Chloroplasts
  • Cytoplasm
  • Endoplasmic reticulum
  • Golgi apparatus
  • Mitochondria
  • Nucleus
  • Organelles
  • Ribosomes
  • Vacuole
  • Vesicles

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