Plant Parts: Lesson for Kids

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  • 0:00 Parts of a Plant
  • 0:31 Roots
  • 1:04 Stem
  • 1:33 Leaves
  • 1:58 Flowers or Fruit
  • 2:38 Lesson Summary
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Lesson Transcript
Instructor: Jenna Conan

Jenna is a fourth grade teacher with a master's degree in instructional design and an undergraduate degree in elementary education.

In this lesson, you will learn about the job of each part of a plant. You will also learn how important plants are to life on Earth, and how each of the plant's parts helps both plants and animals survive.

Parts of a Plant

Plants are living organisms that are very important to life on Earth. They provide food for humans and other animals and allow us to breathe by converting the carbon dioxide we breathe out into the oxygen we breathe in. How many plants do you eat as food? You might be surprised, but the earth has more than 80,000 species of edible plants! They are made up of many different parts, and each part has an important role, or job, that it plays for the plant.


Roots are the bottom part of the plant and are generally buried in the soil. Roots hold the plant in place in the ground and support the stem above. They also suck up water from the ground. Roots absorb nutrients from the soil that the plant needs to grow and stay healthy.

There are two kinds of roots: the tap root, which is the main root that absorbs water and nutrients, and the lateral roots, which anchor the plant in the ground. Roots even store food for the plant to use in the future. Did you know that some foods we eat, like carrots and beets, are actually roots?


The stem is the main part of the plant. It supports the weight of the leaves, as well as the flowers or fruit if the plant has them. The stem carries water and nutrients from the roots up to the rest of the plant. Stems can be either bendable, like a flower stem, or woody, like a tree stem. Woody stems are better known as trunks. The main stem of a plant may have smaller stems, or branches, that grow off of it. People also eat some kinds of plant stems, like asparagus.

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