Plant Reproduction Lesson for Kids

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  • 0:00 What Is Plant Reproduction?
  • 0:43 Reproduction of…
  • 1:09 Flowering Plant…
  • 1:55 Non-Flowering Plant…
  • 2:57 Lesson Summary
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Lesson Transcript
Instructor: Debra Patuto

Debra has taught at elementary levels and has an M.ed with certification in elementary education and special education

This lesson will teach you about plant reproduction. Each spring, flowering and non-flowering plants grow baby plants. In order for this to occur, plants must go through a process of plant reproduction. Let's take a closer look.

What Is Plant Reproduction?

Springtime is the season for warmer weather, sunshine, spring showers, and growing plants. You might also find yourself sneezing a lot or having itchy eyes. Plants produce dust-like pollen and spores that can cause uncomfortable allergies for humans.

Some plants can reproduce asexually (asexual plant reproduction requires only one parent cell that splits into two). However, most plants need pollen or spores to make new plants. This second process is called sexual plant reproduction. The creation of new plants happens year after year and plays an essential role in life on Earth.

Reproduction of Flowering Plants

Plant reproduction requires the male and female parts of the plant. Pollen is the male cell - it's the yellow dust made on the stamen, or male reproductive part, of the flower. The female part is called the pistil, which contains the ovaries that produce eggs, and it's located in the center of the flower. The pistil also contains the stigma, a sticky bulb that the pollen attaches itself to.

Flowering Plant Reproduction Process

The process of reproduction can be broken into two steps:

  1. Pollination is the process of moving pollen onto the pistil. The flower depends on pollinators such as honeybees to fly from flower to flower. The pollen from one flower sticks to the bee. The pollen falls off the bee and, with a little bit of luck, onto the stigma of the next flower. Now, the receiving flower has been pollinated.
  2. Fertilization is when pollen combines with the egg inside of the pistil. The pollen travels down to the base of the pistil, where the eggs are located. The the pollen and the egg combine. At this point, a seed is made.

Once the seeds have been made, they're often carried away by the wind or rain and get pushed down into the ground until the next spring arrives.

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