Poland Facts: Lesson for Kids

Instructor: Jennifer Lowery

Jennifer has taught elementary levels K-3 and has master's degrees in elementary education and curriculum/instruction and educational leadership.

Poland is a country in central Europe. In this lesson, learn about the history and culture of Poland. Explore what the country's land looks like, its climate feels like, and what its special cuisine might taste like!

European Nation

If you take your finger and point in the middle of the continent of Europe, there's a good chance you'll land on the country of Poland. This country is surrounded by many other nations, including Germany, Lithuania, and Slovakia. It also borders the Baltic Sea.

Poland's capital is named Warsaw and it's in the eastern-central part of the country.

The central European country of Poland borders many other countries as well as the Baltic Sea.
Map of Poland

Changing History

Poland has seen a lot of changes in its long history. It was a popular place for invaders in the Middle Ages, so it wouldn't have been a calm place to live then! Eventually, Poland became a large and powerful country in Europe.

Have you ever heard of a country disappearing? Poland did just that in the late 1700s! Large empires such as Russia and Austria took over parts of Poland until there was nothing left.

The good news is that Poland became a nation again in 1918. The bad news is that the people of Poland suffered greatly during World War I and World War II. After the second World War, Poland was under the control of the Communist Soviet Union until 1989. It is now a democratic nation, where Polish people can elect their leaders.

Environment and Wildlife

Poland's geography is quite beautiful, with lots of types of land. There are tall mountains along the southern edges of the country and to the north, there are coastlines formed by the Baltic Sea. In between, there are lowlands and river valleys created during the Ice Age.

The weather in Poland depends on the area but throughout most of the country, the summers are mild and the winters are fairly cold. Only animals that can survive winter conditions live in Poland. No tropical animals here! However, there are many types of deer, wild boars, and wolves that live in the forests of Poland. The largest European population of white storks can be found in Poland, too!

More white storks are found in Poland than in any other European country.
White stork nest

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