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Polar Climate Facts: Lesson for Kids

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Tiffany Hightower

Tiffany is a certified elementary school teacher. She has a B.A. in English, education certification and a master's degree in education from Central Michigan University.

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Christianlly Cena

Christianlly has taught college Physics, Natural science, Earth science, and facilitated laboratory courses. He has a master's degree in Physics and is currently pursuing his doctorate degree.

Can you think of a place that that has the coldest temperatures on Earth, and sometimes has a full 24 hours of darkness? If you lived in a polar climate, this is what you would experience. Continue reading to explore fascinating facts about the polar climate. Updated: 02/09/2022

What Is a Polar Climate?

Can you imagine a place where you can make snowmen, have snowball fights, live in an igloo, walk through strong forces of wind, and bundle up in thick coats, boots, hats, and gloves every day of the year? There are places like this on Earth, and they're located in the polar climates of the North Pole and the South Pole.

A climate is the type of weather a place has most of the time over hundreds of years. A polar climate is a place where the climate usually has a temperature below freezing, is icy, and is covered with snow most of the time. This is because polar climates don't get direct sunlight like other parts of the Earth. Polar climates are usually dry and don't get much rain.

The North Pole has an average temperature of 32° Fahrenheit in the summer, and -40° Fahrenheit during the winter. The South Pole has an average temperature of -18° Fahrenheit during the summer and -76° Fahrenheit during the winter. Climate change has caused an increase in the temperature of polar climates, which has resulted in more ice melting there.

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  • 0:04 What Is a Polar Climate?
  • 1:08 Sunlight in Polar Climates
  • 1:38 Where Are Polar Climates?
  • 2:11 Living in Polar Climates
  • 3:02 Lesson Summary
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Sunlight in Polar Climates

Can you imagine going outside during recess to find it completely dark outside? What about if the sun was shining in the middle of the night?

Polar climates experience months of complete darkness during the winter. This happens because the sun cannot get to polar regions when that part of the Earth is tilted away from the sun. Polar climates also have 24 hours of sunlight a day during the summer. This occurs when the polar climate is tilted toward the sun. Polar climates only have summer and winter seasons.

Where Are Polar Climates?

The polar climates on Earth are located at the North Pole and the South Pole. The North Pole is in the Arctic, which consists of the frozen Arctic Ocean, northern Canada, northern Siberia, and Greenland. The North Pole is not as cold as the South Pole, because the water in the ocean underneath the ice makes this area somewhat warmer.

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Additional Activities

Polar Climate: True or False Activity

This activity will help you assess your knowledge of the facts about the polar climate.


Determine whether the following statements are true or false. To do this, print or copy this page on a blank paper and underline or circle the answer.

True | False 1. The coldest temperatures of the Earth are found in Antarctic and the Arctic.

True | False 2. The North Pole is much colder than the South pole, especially during winter.

True | False 3. Rains in the polar regions are less frequent, resulting in cold, windy, and dry climates.

True | False 4. The waters of the Arctic ocean, underneath the ice, make the South Pole somewhat warmer.

True | False 5. Polar climates have summer, spring, and winter seasons.

True | False 6. Antarctica is formed by layers of ice and snow that are miles deep.

True | False 7. The Arctic Ocean contains numerous sea creatures that live under its frozen surface.

True | False 8. Scientists usually head towards Antarctica to research on global problems, such as climate change.

Answer Key

  1. False, because the correct statement is: The coldest temperatures of the Earth are found in Antarctica and the Arctic.
  2. False, because the correct statement is: The South Pole is much colder than the North Pole, especially during winter.
  3. True
  4. False, because the correct statement is: The waters of the Arctic ocean, underneath the ice, make the North Pole somewhat warmer.
  5. False, because the correct statement is: Polar climates have summer and winter seasons.
  6. True
  7. True
  8. True

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