Police Patrol: Operations, Procedures & Techniques

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  • 0:01 Definition of Police Patrol
  • 0:37 Police Patrol Operations
  • 1:03 Procedures and Techniques
  • 2:18 Lesson Summary
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Lesson Transcript
Instructor: Jessica Schubert

Jessica is a practicing attorney and has taught law and has a J.D. and LL.M.

Police work today employs various techniques to identify and prevent crimes. Learn what police patrol is, and examine the types of operations and procedures utilized by the police when conducting police patrols. Review the techniques of police patrol and gain a thorough understanding of how police patrols work.

Definition of Police Patrol

Chances are, you have watched a television program or a movie involving the police. Whether it was a spying scenario, cops walking the beat, or an in-depth criminal investigation, the program likely featured an organized response from the police officers. This organized response is known as police patrol.

In a police patrol, the police officers attempt to maintain social order. This is achieved in various ways, but the focus is on crime prevention. Crime prevention is the expectation of a crime, followed by a risk assessment and action to prevent the crime.

Police Patrol Operations

The operations of police patrol include various activities. Initially, the police will identify crime areas and provide a physical police presence at that location. This presence includes officers on foot as well as officers in cars patrolling the location. However, police patrol can also include other types of operations, including the use of the 9-1-1 system and using certain types of patrols, which are going to be discussed now.

Procedures and Techniques

There are various strategies the police employ when patrolling. These strategies include:

  • Preventive patrols
  • Routine incident patrols
  • Emergency response

The first type of strategy is known as the preventive patrol. In a preventive patrol, the police seek to achieve various objectives. These include the deterrence of crime, the interruption of crime, and the dispatch of officers to the scene of a crime. Typically, uniformed officers will walk or drive in identified crime areas in order to achieve these goals. This technique helps to improve the neighborhood residents' sense of security and safety.

The second type of strategy is known as a routine incident response. In this technique, officers respond to routine incidents, such as a minor car accident or a minor disorderly conduct report. The police officers will be dispatched to the location to patrol and to investigate.

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