Pond Ecosystem Lesson for Kids

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  • 0:00 Pond Ecosystem
  • 1:09 Animals & Plants in an…
  • 2:48 Lesson Summary
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Lesson Transcript
Instructor: Debra Patuto

Debra has taught at elementary levels and has an M.ed with certification in elementary education and special education

In this lesson, you'll learn about the pond ecosystem. We will take a close look at what a pond is, what makes up a pond ecosystem and what it takes to maintain a successful ecosystem.

Pond Ecosystem

Let's pretend it's a hot summer day, and you're standing at the edge of a pond. As you look around, you see many different plants and grasses. You hear sounds of birds calling, crickets chirping, and frogs croaking. You look in the water. Plants are floating on the water, and birds are diving down to catch their next meal. You look a bit deeper and see fish swimming by. Pond ecosystems are full of activity and life.

Ponds are small bodies of still, or not moving, fresh water that are surrounded by land. Fresh water means that there is no salt in the water like there is in the ocean. Some ponds are formed naturally, and others are man-made, or built by humans. Ponds are generally not very deep.

An ecosystem is a system that's made up of living organisms, such as plants, animals, trees, and insects. It's also made up of non-living things, such as the weather, soil, sun, climate, and atmosphere. Both the living and non-living things interact with one another and depend on one another to survive.

Animals & Plants in an Ecosystem

In order for a pond ecosystem to be successful, it must have a balance of different plants and animals so there is enough food for them all to live and reproduce, or have babies. The food chain begins with the help of sunshine. Sun helps plants make food and shelter for the animals. Plant-eating animals called herbivores, such as tadpoles, ducks, and beavers, eat the phytoplankton, which is a plant. Carnivores are meat-eating animals, such as fish and frogs, who eat the herbivores.

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