Pond Food Chains: Lesson for Kids

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  • 0:00 Power Behind Food Chains
  • 0:40 Energy in Food Chains
  • 1:03 Pond Food Chains
  • 2:52 Lesson Summary
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Lesson Transcript
Instructor: Tawnya Eash

Tawnya has a master's degree in early childhood education and teaches all subjects at an elementary school.

What kinds of animals do you notice around ponds? Many different animals live in or around ponds. In this lesson, you will learn how plants and animals from ponds get the energy they need to survive.

Power Behind Food Chains

Have you ever realized that the sun is actually what gives every living thing energy? The sun is a giant star that gives off energy as radiation. That heat you feel from the sun is used by some organisms as energy.

Every food chain begins with the sun. A food chain shows how energy is transferred from one organism to another. Producers and consumers make up a food chain.

Producers are organisms that are able to use energy from the sun to create their own food. Consumers are the organisms that need to eat plants and/or animals in order to get their energy.

Let's take a look at how producers and consumers work together.

Energy in Food Chains

The energy from the sun is used for plants to create their own food. Plants store the leftover energy. When the primary consumer eats the plant, it gets only the leftover energy. This happens to only be about 10% of the original energy from the sun.

Take a look at this diagram to see how energy is passed from one organism to another:


Flow of Energy in a Food Chain
Energy


Let's look at examples of pond food chains.

Pond Food Chains

There are many different plants and animals that live in or near a pond. Each of these organisms has a certain source of food it eats in order to survive.

Let's check out some examples:


Large Pond Food Chain
Pond Food Chain


In this pond food chain, you can see the various types of pond life and how they get the energy they need to survive!

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