Portugal Facts: Lesson for Kids

Instructor: Tammie Mihet

Tammie has taught elementary school for 14 yrs. and holds an MA in Instructional Technology

What European county has over 300 days of sunshine per year, over 1,000 miles of coastline, and the longest bridge in Europe? It's Portugal! In this lesson, discover the fascinating country of Portugal as you delve deep into its borders.

Portugal… Europe's Oldest Country

Did you know that Portugal is one of the oldest country on the continent of Europe? It is! Since, 1139 Portugal has had the same borders, and therefore, can claim the title of the oldest European country. It has the longest bridge in Europe. The 10.5-mile bridge can be found in Portugal's capital city, Lisbon. Portugal also has the largest cork forest in the world and produces 70% of the world's cork! There is so much more to Portugal, so let's get busy investigating this great country.

Portugal Map

Landforms

Portugal is a country located on the western side of the Iberian Peninsula, a large area of land located in southwest Europe surround on three sides by water. Portugal is bordered on the east by Spain and the remaining border consists of Atlantic coastline, over 1,000 miles of it, making for great surfing. In 2011, Garrett McNamara surfed the biggest wave on record off the coast of Portugal. It was over 90 feet high! Wow, that's as tall as an eight story building!

Past the surf, off Portugal's coast, you can find a multitude of islands, the most famous being the nine islands of the Azores. Portugal's land is characterized by mountainous regions with plateaus, or level high ground, in the north and wide plains in the south. Several major rivers flow through Portugal, the Minho River, Guadiana River, the Douro River, and the Tagus River. Each starts in Spain and dumps its waters into the Atlantic Ocean.

Portugal Land

Climate

If you love warm summers and cool winters, you would love the maritime climate of Portugal! In the summer Portugal can get quite warm, even as high as 104 degrees Fahrenheit. That's hot! However, temperatures don't normally reach that high. Average yearly temperatures range from 55 degrees Fahrenheit in the north to 65 degrees Fahrenheit in the south. In the winter, northern Portugal can receive much higher amounts of rain than the south. Overall, Portugal does enjoy a hefty dose of sunshine!

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