Positive & Negative Effects of Hunting

An error occurred trying to load this video.

Try refreshing the page, or contact customer support.

Coming up next: Why Don't Cnidaria Have a Coelom?

You're on a roll. Keep up the good work!

Take Quiz Watch Next Lesson
Your next lesson will play in 10 seconds
  • 0:01 The Debate on Hunting
  • 0:29 Positive Effects of Hunting
  • 3:42 Negative Effects of Hunting
  • 5:30 Lesson Summary
Save Save Save

Want to watch this again later?

Log in or sign up to add this lesson to a Custom Course.

Log in or Sign up

Speed Speed

Recommended Lessons and Courses for You

Lesson Transcript
Instructor: Dominic Corsini
For some people, hunting represents a cultural tradition or a livelihood. Others see hunting as inhumane. This lesson discusses both the positive and negative aspects of hunting. After the lesson, take a quiz to see what you've learned, and make up your own mind.

The Debate on Hunting

Hunting in some areas is part of people's livelihoods; they've grown up with it, and it represents something passed from generation to generation. However, in other areas, hunting is frowned upon. It is looked at as cruel, barbaric, or inhumane. For someone to truly be objective in an assessment of hunting, he or she must take an unemotional and critical look at each side of the argument. Let's do that now as we talk about the positive and negative effects of hunting.

Positive Effects of Hunting

The act of hunting has been around since the dawn of man and remains in practice today. Hunting advocates present a host of reasons hunting is beneficial; however, in this lesson, we will focus on four of the primary reasons. There are that hunting:

  • Helps control animal populations
  • Provides food
  • Provides recreation
  • Can help businesses turn a profit

Let's examine each of these reasons more closely.

Many hunters and hunting advocates feel that hunting helps keep certain animal populations under control. Animal populations are groups of the same animal species. Without the existence of hunting, research shows that some animal populations might grow large enough to inflict damage to the ecosystem and/or personal property.

Consider white-tailed deer, for example. The population of deer was originally held in check by predators, such wolves and cougars, but declining populations of these animals have left deer with a lack of natural predators. If their population were left unchecked it would increase dramatically. This would likely cause over browsing of wild plants, which could leave the deer without enough food to survive; increased impact on agricultural crops, which could hurt farmers and crops; and more collisions with automobiles, which cause property damage and can seriously injure people and animals. Hunting, when used as a tool for population management, helps reduce these issues.

People also use hunting as a method for obtaining food. This has been true for centuries and continues to be so today. In many rural areas of the United States, schools shut down for the opening day of deer hunting season. Those that remain open experience higher absenteeism than normal. Many hunters living in rural areas rely on the food provided by hunting as sustenance for themselves and their families. Therefore, the benefit of hunting is tangible to both the hunter and those relying on him/her.

The third pro to hunting is the recreational aspect. Many avid hunters claim that hunting is a fun activity and enjoy the skill of it. Hunting is considered to be a pastime and hobby for people of all ages and from all parts of the world. Families have used hunting as a means of bonding and source of camaraderie for thousands of years. While it may be difficult to understand for non-hunters, the recreational and aesthetic value of hunting is an intangible that cannot be devalued.

To unlock this lesson you must be a Study.com Member.
Create your account

Register to view this lesson

Are you a student or a teacher?

Unlock Your Education

See for yourself why 30 million people use Study.com

Become a Study.com member and start learning now.
Become a Member  Back
What teachers are saying about Study.com
Try it risk-free for 30 days

Earning College Credit

Did you know… We have over 200 college courses that prepare you to earn credit by exam that is accepted by over 1,500 colleges and universities. You can test out of the first two years of college and save thousands off your degree. Anyone can earn credit-by-exam regardless of age or education level.

To learn more, visit our Earning Credit Page

Transferring credit to the school of your choice

Not sure what college you want to attend yet? Study.com has thousands of articles about every imaginable degree, area of study and career path that can help you find the school that's right for you.

Create an account to start this course today
Try it risk-free for 30 days!
Create an account