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Prepositional Phrase Lesson for Kids: Definition & Examples

Instructor: Shelley Vessels

Shelley has taught at the middle school level for 10 years and has a master's degree in teaching English.

Prepositional phrases allow us to communicate relationships between objects. Prepositional phrases commonly answer the questions, ~'where~' and~'when.' Read on for a quick review on what a preposition is, and learn how prepositional phrases are incredibly important to communication.

Preposition Refresher

Prepositions are everywhere! Hold a pencil in your hand and describe its relationship to the computer you're currently using.

Is the pencil 'above' the computer?

Is it 'below' the computer?

Is it 'next' to the computer?

'Above,' 'below,' and 'next' are all prepositions.

Prepositions are words that show the relationship between a noun or pronoun to something else in the sentence. Prepositional phrases usually answer 'where' or 'when' questions. In our example, the pencil's relationship to the computer is being described.

Common Prepositions

If you want to add a little zip to reading the next list of common prepositions, try singing them along to a song you know, like maybe to the tune of 'Yankee Doodle' if you know it. It makes it fun and helps with memorization!

Aboard, about, above, across, after, against, along, among, around, at, before, behind, below, beneath, beside, between, beyond, but, by, down, during, except, for, from, in, inside, into, like, near, of, off, on, out, outside, over, past, since, through, throughout, to, toward, under, underneath, until, up, upon, with, within, without.

What is a Prepositional Phrase?

A prepositional phrase connects an object to the preposition. For example, using the picture below, how can you describe this kitten's relationship to the computer?

kitten computer

You could describe the image this way: The crazy kitten is on the computer.

In this sentence, the prepositional phrase is 'on the computer,' and the preposition is 'on.' The object of the preposition in this case is 'computer.'

Examples of Prepositional Phrases

Let's look at a few more examples of prepositional phrases.

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